ENCYCLOPEDIA OF US AIR FORCE AIRCRAFT
AND MISSILE SYSTEMS

Volume 1
by
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OFFICE OF AIR FORCE HISTORY
Washington, D.C. 1978

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United States Air Force
Historical Advisory Committee
(As of September 1975)

Dr. I. B. Holley, Jr.
Duke University

Lt. Gen. James R. Allen
Superintendent, USAF Academy

Dr. Robert F. Byrnes
Indiana University

Lt. Gen. Albert P. Clark
USAF (ret.)

Lt. Gen. Raymond B. Furlong
Commander, Air University

Dr. Henry F. Graff
Columbia University

Dr. Louis Morton
Dartmouth College

Dr. Forrest C. Pogue
Director, Dwight D. Eisenhower Institute for Historical Research

Mr. Jack Stempler
General Counsel, USAF

Chief, Office of Air Force History
Maj. Gen. John W. Huston

Chief Historian Stanley L. Falk
Deputy Chief Historian Max Rosenberg
Chief, Histories Division Carl Berger
Senior Editor Lawrence J. Paszek

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FOREWORD

This publication is the first of a multi-volume Encyclopedia of U.S. Air Force Aircraft and Missile Systems. Volume I deals with the development, deployment, and operations of fighter aircraft between 1945 and 1973, commencing with the F-80 Shooting Star and ending with the development of the F-15 Eagle. Many of these aircraft were employed during the Korean War, the war in Southeast Asia, and during cold war crises throughout the world. Additional volumes to be published in this series will cover Air Force bombers, transports, trainers, other military aircraft, and missile systems.

JOHN W. HUSTON
Major General, USAF
Chief, Office of Air Force History

PREFACE

This volume contains basic information on all Air Force fighters developed between World War II and 1973, including all configurations. It is based primarily on US Air Force sources. The origin of each aircraft is noted as well as its most troublesome development, production, and operational problems. Also covered are significant modifications, most of which can be attributed to ever-changing aeronautical technology. Production totals, delivery rates, unit costs, phaseout dates, and other important milestones are provided, as well as a brief description of each version's new features.

The book begins with the first postwar American jet fighter— the F-80 Shooting Star. It ends with Northrop's F-5 Freedom Fighter. Complete consistency of data on each fighter was not always available, but each section describes the aircraft's basic development, production decision dates, program changes, test results, procurement methods, and the like. Technical data and operational characteristics also are provided.

Many people contributed to this work, in particular members of the Historical Office, Aeronautical Systems Division, of the Air Force Systems Command (AFSC), and the Historical Office, Air Force Logistics Command (AFLC), both located at Wright-Patter-son AFB, Ohio. The author also owes a special debt to Colonel Monte D. Montgomery, a former staff officer in the Allocations Division, Deputy Chief of Staff, Programs and Resources, Headquarters USAF; and to Dr. Thomas G. Belden, former Chief Historian of the Air Force, who strongly encouraged publication of such an encyclopedia. Finally, she is indebted to her office colleagues, Max Rosenberg, Deputy Chief Historian, Office of Air Force History; Carl Berger, Chief, Histories Division; Bernard C. Nalty, Clyde R. Littlefield; and several other colleagues; members of the Editorial Branch, particularly Eugene P. Sagstetter; and Eleanor C. Patterson, who typed the entire manuscript without faltering.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword
Preface

Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star
F-80A
RF-80A
F-80B
F-80C
TF-80C
Program Recap
Technical Data

North American F-82 Twin Mustang
F-82B
F-82E
F-82F/G/H
Program Recap
Technical Data

Republic F-84 Thunderjet
F-84B
F-84C
F-84D
F-84E
F-84G
F-84F Thunderstreak
RF-84F Thunderflash
Program Recap
Technical Data

North American F-86 Sabre
F-86A
F-86E
F-86F
F-86H
F-86D Interceptor
F-86K
F-86L
Program Recap
Technical Data

Northrop F-89 Scorpion
F-89A
F-89B
F-89C
F-89D
F-89H
F-89J
Program Recap
Technical Data

Lockheed F-94 Starfire
F-94A
F-94B
F-94C
Program Recap
Technical Data

North American F-100 Super Sabre
F-100A
F-100C
F-100D
F-100F
Program Recap
Technical Data

McDonnell F-101 Voodoo
F-101A
F-101C
RF-101A
RF-101C
F-101B
Program Recap
Technical Data

Convair F-102 Delta Dagger
F-102A
TF-102A
Program Recap
Technical Data

Lockheed F-104 Starfighter
F-104A
F-104B
F-104C
F-104D
F-104G
Program Recap
Technical Data

Republic F-105 Thunderchief
F-105A
F-105B
F-105D
F-105F
F-105G
Program Recap
Technical Data

Convair F-106 Delta Dart
F-106A
F-106B
Program Recap
Technical Data

General Dynamics F-111
F-111A
F-111B
F-111E
FB-111A
F-111D
F-111F
Program Recap
Technical Data

McDonnell F-4 Phantom II
F-4C
RF-4C
F-4D
F-4E
Program Recap
Technical Data

Northrop F-5 Freedom Fighter
F-5A
F-5B
RF-5A
F-5E
Program Recap
Technical Data

Appendix I World War II Fighters in the Post-War Period

Appendix II Post-WW II Experimental and Prototype Jet Fighters

Selected Bibliography

Glossary