DIRECTORATE OF
INTELLIGENCE





Intelligence Handbook

Soviet Guided Missiles





SECRET

SR IH 69-2 May 1969
Copy No. 113

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

SECRET

CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
Directorate of Intelligence
May 1969

INTELLIGENCE HANDBOOK

Soviet Guided Missiles

This handbook describes Soviet guided missiles used in all types of weapon systems including those carried on ships and aircraft. It provides a general summary of the characteristics, performance, and operational status of each missile. User countries in addition to the USSR are noted.

Entries are listed by letter-number designations (e.g. SS-9) and code names (Scarp) used by the US and NATO.

For each deployed weapon system the year of its initial operational capability (IOC) is noted. By this date the first operational unit has been trained and equipped with a few weapons of the given type.

Circular error probability (CEP) indicates the accuracy of the weapon system, stated as the radius of a circle centered on the target. Statistically, half of all warheads fired would impact within this circle.





----------

This handbook was produced solely by CIA. It was prepared by the Office of Strategic Research and coordinated with the Office of Scientific Intelligence, the Office of Economic Research, and the Foreign Missile and Space Analysis Center.

SECRET

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Contents

Surface-to-Surface Strategic Missiles

SS-3 Shyster
SS-4 Sandal
SS-5 Skean
SS-6 Sapwood
SS-7 Saddler
SS-8 Sasin
SS-9 Scarp
SS-10
SS-11
SS-13 Savage
SS-14 Scamp (Scapegoat)
Scrag
Scrooge
SS-X-6 (DICBM, FOBS)

Ground Tactical Missiles

SS-C-1A Shaddock
SS-C-2A Salish
SS-1B Scud-A
SS-1C Scud-B
SS -12
Scaleboard

Submarine Missiles

SS-N-4
SS-N-5
SS-N-6 Sark
Serb
Sawfly

Antiship Missiles

SS-C-1B Shaddock
SS-C-2B Samlet
SS-N-1 Scrubber
SS-N-2 Styx
SS-N-3 Shaddock

Surface-to-Air and ABM Missiles

SA-1 Guild
SA-2 Guideline
SA-3 Goa
SA-4 Ganef
SA-5
SA-6 Gainful
SA-N-1
Galosh (ABM- 1) Griffon

Air- to -Surface Missiles

AS-1 Kenne1
AS-2 Kipper
AS-3 Kangaroo
AS-4 Kitchen
AS-5 Kelt

Air-to-Air Missiles

AA-1 Alkali
AA-2 Atoll
AA-3 Anab
AA-4 Awl
AA-5 Ash

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

SURFACE-TO-SURFACE STRATEGIC MISSILES

SS-3 Shyster Medium-Range Ballistic Missile

IOC

1956

Configuration

single stage

Propellant

non-storable liquid

Launch weight

60,000 lbs

Re-entry vehicle

3,350 lbs

Warhead (nuclear)

2,700 lbs

Maximum range

630 nm

Guidance

radio-inertial

CEP

1.0 – 1.75 nm

Remarks

Now obsolete. Possibly operational as late as 1966 Flight testing began in 1954.

SS-4 Sandal Medium-Range Ballistic Missile

IOC

1958

Configuration

single stage

Propellant

storable liquid

Launch weight

88,000 lbs

Re-entry vehicle

3,300 ± 500 lbs

Warhead (nuclear)

2,200 ± 500 lbs

Maximum range

1,020 nm

Guidance

inertial

CEP

1.25 nm

Remarks

Deployed in both soft and hard sites located primarily in the European USSR. First publicly displayed in Moscow parade of November 1960. First flight test in June 1957. Much larger conventional warhead could be delivered to shorter -ranges, e.g. about 4,000 lbs to 800 nm.

SS-5 Skean Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile

IOC

1961

Configuration

single stage

Propellant

storable liquid

Launch weight

about 200,000 lbs

Re-entry weight

3,500 ± 500 lbs

Warhead (nuclear)

2,800 ± 400 lbs

Maximum range

2,200 nm

Guidance

inertial

CEP

1 nm

Remarks

Deployed in both hard and soft sites located primarily in European USSR. First publicly displayed in Moscow parade of November 1964. First flight test in June 1960. Much larger conventional warhead could be delivered to shorter ranges, e.g. 8,000 lbs to 1,500 nm.

SS-6 Sapwood Intercontinental Ballistic Missile

IOC

1960

Configuration

1.5-stage parallel

Propellant

nonstorable liquid

Launch weight

500,000 lbs

Re-entry vehicle

8,000 ± 1,000 lbs

Warhead (nuclear)

6 ,000 ± 1,000 lbs

Maximum range

6,000 nm

Guidance

radio-inertial

CEP

2 nm

Remarks

First-generation Soviet ICBM. Not deployed extensively and now probably retired from operational inventory. Continues to be used as basic space booster in configuration displayed in 1967 Paris air show (photograph above) .

SS-7 Saddler Intercontinental Ballistic Missile

IOC

1962

Configuration

2-stage tandem

Propellant

storable liquid

Launch weight

325,000 lbs

Re-entry vehicle

3,500 ± 500 lbs

Re-entry vehicle

4,200 + 500 lbs*

Warhead (nuclear)

2,800 ± 400 lbs

Warhead (nuclear)

3,300 ± 400 lbs*

Maximum range

6,500 nm

Maximum range

5,500 nm *

Guidance

inertial

CEP

1.0-1.25 nm

*Two operational re-entry vehicles

Remarks

First Soviet ICBM to be widely deployed. First flight test in October 1960.

SS-8 Sasin Intercontinental Ballistic Missile

IOC

1963

Configuration

2-stage tandem

Propellant

nonstorable liquid

Launch weight

165,000 lbs

Re-entry vehicle

3,5 00 ± 500 lbs

Warhead (nuclear)

2,800 ± 400 lbs

Maximum range

6,000 nm

Guidance

radio-inertial

CEP

1 nm

Remarks

Probably given only limited deployment. First publicly displayed in Moscow parade of November 1964. First flight test in April 1961.

SS-9 Scarp Intercontinental Ballistic Missile

IOC

1966

Configuration

2-stage tandem

Propellant

storable liquid

Launch weight

400,000 lbs

Re-entry vehicle

10,000 ± 1,000 lbs

Re-entry vehicle

13,500 ± 1,000 lbs*

Warhead (nuclear)

8,000 ± 1,000 lbs

Warhead (nuclear)

10,000 ± 1,000 lbs*

Maximum range

6,500 nm

Maximum range

5,000 nm*

CEP, radio-inertial guidance:

0.5 nm

CEP, inertial guidance:

0.75 nm

* Two operational re-entry vehicles

Remarks

Largest and most accurate Soviet ICBM. Extensively deployed in USSR. First displayed in Moscow parade of November 1967. First flight test in December 1963. Also employed as launch vehicle for SS-X-6 and maneuverable satellites.

SS-10 Intercontinental Ballistic Missile



[ NO DRAWING INCLUDED IN ORIGINAL DOCUMENT]



IOC

never achieved

Configuration

2-stage tandem

Prope1lant

storable liquids of unknown composition

Launch weight

about 275,000 lbs

Re-entry vehicle

4,000-8,000 lbs

Warhead (nuclear)

3,200-6,500 lbs

Maximum range

6,000 nm

Guidance

radio-inertial

CEP

probably about 1 nm

Remarks

Never shown in Moscow parades. First flight test in April 1964, last in October 1964.

SS-11 Intercontinental Ballistic Missile

IOC

1966

Configuration

2-stage tandem

Propellant

storable liquid

Launch weight

93,000 lbs

Re-entry vehicle

1,500 ± 300 lbs

Warhead (nuclear)

1,100 ± 300 lbs

Maximum range

5,500 nm

Guidance i

Inertial (possibly radio-inertial)

CEP

1.0 – 1.5 nm

Remarks

Smallest Soviet ICBM tested to date. Deployed extensively throughout USSR. Never publicly displayed First flight test in April 1965.

SS-13 Savage Intercontinental Ballistic Missile

IOC

1969

Configuration

3-stage tandem

Propellant

solid

Launch weight

105,000 lbs

Re-entry vehicle

1,200 ± 300 lbs

Warhead (nuclear)

900 ± 200 lbs

Maximum range

5,000 nm

Guidance

Inertial

CEP

about 1 nm

Remarks

Estimated to become operational in fixed sites in 1969. May be deployed later in mobile launchers. First flight test in November 196 5. First publicly displayed in Moscow parade of May 1965.

SS-14 Scamp Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile

IOC

1969-70

Configuration

2-stage tandem

Prope1lant

solid

Launch weight

about 35,000 lbs

Re-entry vehicle

1,200 ± 300 lbs

Warhead (nuclear)

900 ± 200 lbs

Maximum range

about 1,500 nm

Guidance

inertial

CEP

0.5-1.5 nm

Remarks

Also designated Scapegoat. Tranporter-launcher first displayed in Moscow parade of May 1965. SS-14 missile first shown in May 1968. First flight test in September 1965. Probably will be deployed both in fixed sites and mobile launchers. Resembles second and third stages of SS-13 Savage.

Scrag Intercontinental Ballistic Missile

Remarks

First publicly displayed in Moscow parade of May 1965. Not identified with any known flight test program. Soviets claim this is an orbital weapon.

Scrooge Intercontinental Ballistic Missile

Remarks

First publicly displayed in Moscow parade of November 1965. At that time a Soviet colonel told a US attache that this was a solid-propellant weapon with range in excess of 2,700 nm and operational since 1963. Not yet identified with any known flight test program.

SS-X-6 Depressed Trajectory Intercontinental Ballistic Missile



[ NO DRAWING INCLUDED IN ORIGINAL DOCUMENT]



Configuration

2-stage and deboost

Propellant

storable liquid

Launch weight

400,000 lbs

Re-entry vehicle

2,000-4,000 lbs

Warhead (nuclear)

1,600-3,200 lbs

Maximum range

about 6,000 nm

Guidance

inertial

CEP

1-2 nm

Remarks

SS-X-6 weapon system is composed of SS-9 ICBM and deboost stage with warhead. First flight test in December 1965. Operational status undetermined. As DICBM, SS-X-6 in its current configuration is capable of striking US.

May also be used as fractional orbit bombardment system (FOBS) which places warhead in low earth orbit about 100 miles high. Deorbit engine kicks warhead out of orbit toward target before weapon has completed one revolution of earth. System lacks necessary energy to make it effective orbital weapon against US. Major changes in either warhead size or booster are necessary.

GROUND TACTICAL MISSILES

SS-C-1A Shaddock Short-Range Cruise Missile

IOC

1963

Propulsion

rocket-boosted turbojet

Launch weight

10,000 lbs

Warhead (HE, nuclear)

1,000-2,000 lbs

Maximum range

300 nm

Trajectory

low altitude

Speed

low supersonic

Guidance

autonomous with possible radio link

Remarks

Ground force version of SS-N-3 naval cruise missile. First displayed in Moscow parade of November 1961. Extent of deployment unknown. Operation at full range requires information on targets beyond the horizon.

SS-C-2A Salish Short-Range Cruise Missile

IOC

1957

Propulsion

rocket-boosted turbojet

Launch weight

6,000 lbs

Warhead (HE, possibly nuclear)

2,200 lbs

Maximum range

60 nm

Cruising altitude

under 1,500 ft

Cruising speed (sea level)

Mach 0.8

Guidance

probably beam rider

CEP

300-500 ft

Remarks

Ground force version of AS-1 Kennel air-to-surface missile. First publicly displayed in Havana parade of January 1965. Observed with Soviet forces in East Germany and assumed to be deployed in USSR.

SS-1B Scud-A Short-Range Ballistic Missile

IOC

1957

Configuration

single stage

Propellant

storable liquid

Launch weight

12,500 lbs

Warhead HE, chemical

1,200 lbs

Warhead HE, nuclear

1,600-2,000 lbs

Maximum range with lighter warhead

160 nm

Maximum range with heavier warhead

80 nm

Guidance

inertial

CEP

0.3 nm

Remarks

First displayed in Moscow parade of November 1967. Used by East European forces with conventional warhead. Only Soviet forces have nuclear version available. Naval version of Scud missile developed for surface launching from modified Z-class submarines.

SS-1C Scud-B Short-Range Ballistic Missile

IOC

1961

Configuration

single stage

Propellant

storable liquid

Launch weight

13,400 lbs

Warhead (HE, nuclear)

1,600-2,000 lbs

Maximum range

16 0 nm

Guidance

inertial

CEP

about 0.3 nm

Remarks

First displayed in Moscow parade of November 1961. Eight-wheeled transporter-launcher first shown in November 1965. Scud-B deployed extensively with Soviet forces. East Germany only other country known to have this ni i s s i 1 e .

SS-12 Short-Range Ballistic Missile

IOC

1965

Configuration

single stage

Propellant

storable liquid

Launch weight

18,800 lbs

Re-entry vehicle

1,500 ± 500 lbs

Warhead (HE, nuclear)

1,200 ± 500 lbs

Maximum range

about 500 nm

Guidance

inertial

CEP

0.25-0.5 nm

Remarks

Tactical mobile system designed to fill gap between 150-mile- and 1,000-mile systems. Flight testing began in March 1964. May be deployed with front ground forces to supplement coverage of battle zone.


SS-12 may be associated with Scaleboard mobile system (photograph) first displayed in November 1967.
Scaleboard is deployed at three locations along Soviet border with China.

SUBMARINE MISSILES

SS-N-4 Short-Range Ballistic Missile

IOC

1960

Configuration

single stage

Propellant

storable liquid

Launch weight

25,300 lbs

Re-entry vehicle

about 2,700 lbs

Warhead (nuclear)

about 2,200 lbs

Maximum range

300 nm

Guidance

inertial

CEP

1-2 nm

Remarks

Launched from G-I and converted Z class submarines. Submarine surfaces prior to launch. Was also launched from H-I class submarines. First confirmed public appearance in Murmansk parade in November 1967. May have been shown on Soviet-East European TV and movies since 1965 .

SS-N-5 Medium-Range Ballistic Missile

IOC

1963

Configuration

single stage

Propellant

storable liquid

Launch weight

39,000 lbs

Re-entry vehicle

2,400 ± 400 lbs

Warhead (nuclear)

2,000 ± 400 lbs

Maximum range

650 nm

Guidance

inertial

CEP

1-2 nm

Remarks

Launched submerged from G-II and H-II class submarines.

SS-N-6 Medium-Range Ballistic Missile

IOC

1968

Configuration

single stage

Propellant

storable liquid

Launch weight

unknown

Re-entry vehicle

1,500 ± 500 lbs

Warhead (nuclear)

1,200 ± 500 lbs

Maximum range

1,500 nm

Guidance

inertial

CEP

about 1 nm

Remarks

Probably carried by 16-tube Y class ballistic missile submarine. Launched submerged.

SARK Medium-Range Ballistic Missile

Remarks

First publicly displayed in Moscow parade of November 1962. Never identified with any test flight program. Probably prototype for Serb. Soviets claimed this missile can be launched from submerged submarines, but its length appears to rule out use on current submarines.

Serb Medium-Range Ballistic Missile

Remarks

Probably a development of Sark. Did not become operational in this configuration. First publicly displayed in Moscow parade of November 1964. Test launch of what was probably a modified Serb was shown on Soviet -East European television in 1965.

SAWFLY Intermediate-Range Missile

Remarks

First publicly displayed 1967. Probably two-stage, Status unknown. in Moscow parade of November solid-propellant test vehicle.

ANTISHIP MISSILES

SS-C-1B Shaddock Coastal Defense Cruise Missile

IOC

1963

Propulsion

rocket-boosted turbojet

Launch weight

10,000 lbs

Warhead (HE, chemical, nuclear)

1,000-2,000 lbs

Maximum range

270 nm

Cruising altitude

1,000-3,000 ft

Cruising speed

low supersonic

Guidance

command/terminal homing

Remarks

Coastal defense version of SS-N-3 Shaddock. First displayed on Moscow television in mid-1965. Probably intended as replacement for earlier SS-C-2B Samlet. Probably being deployed at principal straits, inlets, and naval bases .

SS-C-2B Samlet Coastal Defense Cruise Missile

IOC

1956

Propulsion

rocket-boosted turbojet

Launch weight

6,000 lbs

Warhead (HE, chemical)

2,200 lbs

Maximum range

25-45 nm

Cruising altitude

300-1,500 ft

Cruising speed

Mach 0.8

Guidance

beam rider/terminal homing

Remarks

Coastal defense version of AS-1 Kennel air-to-surface missile. Maximum range depends on elevation of guidance radar and height of target ship's superstructure. First publicly displayed in January 1963 parade in Havana. Deployed in coastal areas of USSR in defense of naval installations.

User countries include Bulgaria, Communist China, Cuba, Egypt, East Germany, North Korea, and Poland.

SS-N-1 Scrubber Naval Short-Range Cruise Missile

IOC

1958

Propulsion

rocket-boosted turbojet

Launch weight

unknown

Warhead (HE, nuclear)

1,000-2,000 lbs

Maximum range

30-80 nm

Cruising altitude

1,000-10,000 ft

Cruising speed(sea level)

Mach 0.75

Guidance

preset autopilot/ possible command override/terminal homing

Remarks

Carried by Kildin and Krupnyy class destroyers and used against both ships and shore targets. At ranges beyond approximately 30 nm a target spotter aircraft or surface vessel must supply range and bearing data.

SS-N-2 Styx Naval Short-Range Cruise Missile

IOC

1959

Propulsion

rocket-boosted storable-liquid-fuel rocket

Launch weight

4,600 lbs

Warhead (HE)

1,100 lbs

Maximum range

25 nm

Cruising altitude

300-1,000 ft

Cruising speed(sea level)

Mach 0.9

Guidance

preset autopilot/ terminal homing

Remarks

Carried by Komar- and Osa-class patrol boats. Primarily antiship missile but can also be used against land targets. There is new version of Osa patrol boat and evidence of modified Styx missile for it.

Styx-equipped patrol boats have been exported to Algeria, Communist China, Cuba, Egypt, East Germany, Indonesia, North Korea, Poland, Syria, and Yugoslavia.

SS-N-3 Shaddock Naval Short-Range Cruise Missile

IOC

1961

Propulsion

Rocket-boosted turbojet

Launch weight

10,000 lbs

Warhead (HE,chemical, nuclear)

1,000-2,000 lbs

Maximum range

250 nm

Cruising altitude

1,000-40,000 ft

Cruising speed

Mach 0.9-1.7

Guidance

preset autopilot/possible command override/terminal homing

Remarks

Carried by J- and modified W-class submarines, E-I and E-II nuclear-powered submarines, and Kynda- and Kresta-class cruisers. Submarines must surface to launch.

In primary role as antiship missile, most likely operational range is 250 nm when launched from submarine and 150 nm from surface ship. This weapon could also be used against land targets with CEP of 1-2 nm.

SURFACE-TO-AIR AND ABM MISSILES

SA-1 Guild Surface-to-Air Missile

IOC

1954

Propulsion

single-stage liquid

Warhead (HE)

465 lbs

Maximum operational range

18-24 nm

Effective altitude, maximum

60,000-80,000 ft

Effective altitude, minimum

3,500 ft

Speed

Mach 3

Guidance

command

CEP

100-200 ft

Remarks

Introduced in 1954 as part of fixed Moscow area defenses. Not deployed elsewhere.

SA-2 Guideline Mod I, II Surface-to-Air Missile

IOC (Mod I)

1959

IOC (Mod II)

1960

Propulsion

solid booster, liquid sustainer

Warhead (HE)

420 lbs

Maximum operational range (Mod I)

17 nm

Maximum operational range (Mod II)

21 nm

Effective altitude, maximum

80,000-90,000 ft

Effective altitude, minimum

1,500 ft

Speed

about Mach 4

Guidance

command

CEP

75-100 ft

Remarks

No external features have been identified to distinguish Mod I from Mod II. Mod I is employed with Fan Song B S-band radar, Mod II with Fan Song C C-band radar.

Mod I is no longer operational in USSR. Exported to Warsaw Pact countries and to Afghanistan, Algeria, Communist China, Cuba, Cyprus, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Iraq, North Korea, North Vietnam, and Yugoslavia.

Mod II still operational in USSR. Deployed with Soviet forces in Cuba and exported to some Warsaw Pact countries.

SA-2 Guideline Mod III, IV Surface-to-Air Missile

IOC

Mod III 1962, Mod IV 1966

Propulsion

solid booster, liquid sustainer

Warhead (HE, nuclear)

about 420 lbs

Maximum operational range

27 nm

Effective altitude, maximum

90,000 ft

Effective altitude, minimum

1,000 ft

Speed

about Mach 4

Guidance

command

CEP

about 75 ft

Remarks

Employed with Fan Song E C-band radar.

Mod III constitutes primary weapon of Soviet SAM defenses. Exported to most Warsaw Pact countries and Yugoslavia. Also deployed with Soviet forces in Eastern Europe and Mongolia.

Mod IV, first displayed in November 1967, probably has nuclear warhead. Probably deployed only in USSR.

SA-3 Goa Surface-to-Air Missile

IOC

1961

Propulsion

solid booster & sustainer

Warhead (HE)

140 lbs

Maximum operational range

about 13 nm

Effective altitude, maximum

about 50,000 ft

Effective altitude, minimum

about 500 ft

Speed

Mach 2.5

Guidance

command

CEP

about 30 ft

Remarks

Deployed at over 150 sites around Moscow, Leningrad, and some border approaches. Also deployed at Soviet tactical airfields in East Germany, Poland, and Hungary.

SA-4 Ganef Surface-to-Air Missile

IOC

1967

Propulsion

4 solid strap-on boosters, ramjet sustainer

Warhead (HE)

400 lbs

Maximum operational range

25-30 nm

Effective altitude, maximum

65,000 ft

Effective altitude, minimum

1,000-1,500 ft

Speed

Mach 2.6

Guidance

command/terminal homing

CEP

150 ft

Remarks

Mobile system used for tactical air defense of Soviet ground forces. First displayed in Moscow parade of May 1964.

SA-5 Long-Range Surface- to-Air Missile

IOC

1967

Propulsion

solid booster, liquid sustainer

Warhead (HE, nuclear)

700-750 lbs

Maximum operational range

50-100 nm

Effective altitude, maximum

110,000 ft

Effective altitude, minimum

unknown

Speed

Mach 4.5

Guidance

command/terminal homing

CEP

100-200 ft

Remarks

Designed to defend against medium- and high-altitude aircraft and standoff weapons threat. Deployed extensively throughout USSR. Never publicly displayed.

SA-6 Gainful Surface- to-Air Missile



[ DRAWING IN PDF TOO BADLY DEGRADED TO REPRODUCE HERE ]



IOC

1970-71

Propulsion

unknown

Warhead (HE)

100-200 lbs

Maximum operational range

10-20 nm

Effective altitude, maximum

30,000 ft

Effective altitude, minimum

under 500 ft

Speed

Mach 2.5

Guidance

command/terminal homing

CEP

20-30 ft

Remarks

Soviets have stated that this mobile system is intended for low-altitude defense. Will be deployed with air defense troops of ground forces.

SA-N-1 Naval Surface-to-Air Missile

IOC

1962

Propulsion solid

booster & sustainer

Warhead (HE)

100-200 lbs

Maximum operational range

12 nm

Effective altitude, maximum

25,000-50,000 ft

Effective altitude, minimum

about 500 ft

Speed

Mach 2.5

Guidance

command

CEP

about 50 ft

Remarks

Naval version of SA-3 Goa. Carried on Kashin and converted Kotlin class destroyers, and Kresta and Kynda class cruisers.

Galosh (ABM-1) ABM Missile

IOC

1968

Propulsion

solid booster with probable liquid sustainer

Warhead (nuclear)

2,000-3,000 lbs

Maximum operational range

350 nm

Effective altitude, maximum

200-300 nm

Effective altitude, minimum

100,000 ft

Speed

11,500-14,500 ft per second

Guidance

probably command type using small Try Add radars

Remarks

Deployment limited to Moscow area. Estimated to provide limited defense capability against ballistic missile attack.

Griffon

IOC

never operational

Propulsion

solid booster, liquid sustainer

Warhead (HE, nuclear)

600-1,000 lbs

Maximum operational range

about 100 nm

Effective altitude, maximum

about 100,000 ft

Effective altitude, minimum

unknown

Speed

5,500-6,000 ft per second

Guidance

command/possible terminal homing

CEP

unknown

Remarks

First shown in Moscow parade of November 1963. Described in Soviet literature both as surface-to-air and anti-ballistic missile. Not known to be deployed.

AIR-TO-SURFACE MISSILES

AS-1 Kennel

IOC

1957

Propulsion

turbojet

Launch weight

6,000 lbs

Warhead (HE, possibly chemical)

2,000 lbs

Range

5 0 nm

Speed

Mach 0.80 – 0.85

Guidance

beam rider/terminal homing

CEP, against ships

150 ft

CEP, against land targets

1 n m

Carrier:load

TU-16 Badger B : two

Remarks

First Soviet antiship missile. Most or all of AS-1s allocated to Soviet naval air forces probably replaced by AS-5s. Exported to Indonesia and Egypt.

AS-2 Kipper

IOC

1960-61

Propulsion

turbojet

Launch weight

9,100 lbs

Warhead (HE,nuclear)

2,200 lbs

Range

100 nm

Launch speed,at 36,000 ft

Mach 0.8

Maximum cruise speed, high altitude

Mach 1.7

Maximum cruise speed, low altitude

Mach 1.2

Guidance

autopilot with command override/terminal homing

CEP, against ships

150 ft

CEP, against land targets

1-2 nm

Carrier:load

TU-16 Badger C : one

Remarks

Used only by Soviet naval, air forces, primarily in antiship role.

AS-3 Kangaroo

IOC

1960-61

Propulsion

turbojet

Launch weight

25,000 lbs

Warhead (nuclear)

4,500-5,500 lbs

Maximum range

3 5 0 nm

Speed

Mach 1.8-2.0

Guidance

autopilot with command override

CEP

1-3 nm

Carrier :load

TU-95 Bear B,C : one

Remarks

Designed as standoff weapon for strategic attack against large land targets.

AS-4 Kitchen

IOC

1968

Propulsion

liquid rocket

Launch weight

14,000 lbs

Warhead (HE, nuclear)

2,200 lbs

Range, against Ships

1 5 0 n m

Range,against land targets

250 nm

Speed

Mach 3.5

Guidance

unknown

CEP

1-2 nm

Carrier:load

TU-22 Blinder B : one

Remarks

Apparently designed for use against land and ship targets.

AS-5 Kelt

IOC

1963-65

Propulsion

liquid-fuel rocket

Launch Weight

about 6,000 lbs

Warhead (HE,nuclear)

1,000-2,000 lbs

Range

120 nm

Speed

Mach .9-1.2

Guidance

unknown, possibly preset autopilot with command override/possibly terminal homing in antiship role

CEP, against land targets

1-2 nm

CEP, against ships

150 ft

Carrier:load

TU-16 Badger B : two

Remarks

Launch occurs at altitude of 30,000-35,000 feet at about 440 knots. Began to replace AS-1 about 1963. Has extended the useful life of TU-16 Badger B.

AIR-TO-AIR MISSILES

AA-1 Alkali

IOC

1957-59

Launch weight,

AA-1B 187 lbs

Launch weight,

AA-1C 205 lbs

Warhead (HE)

35 lbs

Maximum range

3-4 nm

Guidance

beam rider

CEP

20 ft

Carrier:load

MIG-19 Farmer E : four
SU-9 Fishpot B : four
MIG-21 Fishbed D,F : two

Remarks

All-weather tail attack system. Has limited attack capability at low altitude down to sea level in fixed beam mode.

AA-2 Atoll

IOC

1959-60

Launch weight

167 lbs

Warhead (HE)

25 lbs

Maximum range

5-6 nm

Guidance

infrared homing

CEP

10-15 ft

Carrier:load

MIG-21 Fishbed C, D, E, F, H : two

Remarks

Soviet version of US Sidewinder. Does not have all-weather capability. Exported to Afghanistan, Algeria, Cuba, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Syria, and Yugoslavia.

AA-3 Anab

IOC

1964

Launch weight

600 lbs

Warhead (HE)

75 lbs

Maximum range

10-12 nm

Guidance,AA-3A

radar homing

Guidance,AA-3B

infrared homing

CEP, AA-3A

20-30 ft

CEP, AA-3B

10-15 ft

Carrier:load

YAK-28 Firebar : two
SU-9 Fishpot C : two
SU- Flagon A : two

Remarks

AA-3A is all-weather tail or nose attack system. AA-3B is limited to tail attack and does not have all-weather capability.

AA-4 Awl

IOC

deployment unlikely

Launch weight

750 lbs

Warhead (HE)

125-150 lbs

Maximum range

9-11 nm

Guidance

unknown

CEP

unknown

Carrier : load

Flipper : two

Remarks

Observed only at 1961 Tushmo air show, on Flipper interceptor. Flipper did not reach operational status.

AA-5 Ash

IOC

1966

Launch weight

1,000 lbs

Warhead (HE)

150 lbs

Maximum range

12-16 nm

Guidance, AA-5A

radar homing

Guidance, AA-5B

infrared homing

CEP, AA-5A

25-50 ft

CEP, AA-5B

20-25 ft

Carrier : load

TU-28 Fiddler : four

Remarks

AA-5A is all-weather system capable of attack from any direction. AA-5B is limited to tail attack and does not have all-weather capability.