Soviet/Russian AFVs (Post WWII)

References:
Jane's
T-80 Standard Tank: The Soviet Army's Last Armored Champion, by Stephen J Zaloga; Osprey New Vanguard 152
Tank-Net Discussion Forums
Vasily Fofanov's Modern Russian Armor Page
The Russian Battlefield's “Last Heavy tanks of the USSR” by Eugene Boldyrev
www.otvaga2004.narod.ru
“History of domestic tank in the postwar period”
Modern Explosive Reactive Armours by Robb McLeod
Alternate History Website in Russian

Note: Object is Объект in Russian if you want to Google the net for more designs. Be sure to have the latest internet explorer, a decent antivirus program, firewall, and god knows what else; since the Russian corner of the internet is full of viruses, et al.

Apparently Object number designations were awarded to different design bureaus in sequential blocks

100 Series: Altai Tractor Plant
200 Series: Leningrad Kirov Plant
300 Series: Uraltransmash
400 Series: Kharkov Heavy Machine Building Plant
500 Series: Omsk
600 Series: Kurganmashzavod
700 Series: Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant
800 Series: Assigned to various OKBs
900 Series: Volograd Tractor Plant

Like any designation system, there are some oddities, or out of sequence numbers.

Heavy Tank Series

Object 701-2

IS-4 was tested with 122mm D-25T, 100mm S-34-II, 100mm S-34-I in three different models.

Object 701-5

Object 701-6 (IS-4)

End of Production: 1949
Cost: 1~ million 1947 Rubles

Gun: 125mm Rifled Gun D-25T
Crew: 4
Engine: V-12 Diesel (750 hp)
Highway Speed: 43 km/hr

(IS-4 version with 100mm S-34-I)
(IS-4 version with 100mm S-34-II)

Object 248 (IS-5)

Gun: 100mm Rifled Gun S-34

Notes: There was a second IS-5 design which never got off the mockup stage.

(Photo of 2nd IS-5 Design Mockup)
(Object 248 Trials 1)
(Object 248 Trials 2)

Object 252 (IS-6 Mechanical Transmission)

Object 253 (IS-6 Electro-Mechanical Transmission)

Coaxial: 7.62mm

Engine: V-12U (700 hp)
Highway Speed: 35 km/hr

(IS-6 Picture 1; Unknown Object)
(IS-6 Picture 2; Unknown Object)
(IS-6 Picture 3; Unknown Object)

Object 260 (IS-7)

Gun: 130mm Rifled Gun S-70 (30 rounds)

Combat Weight: 68 metric tons
Length (Gun Forward): 11.17 meters
Width: 3.44 meters
Height: 2.6 meters

Crew: 5 (Commander, Gunner, Two Loaders, Driver)
Engine
: M-50 V-12 Four Stroke Diesel
Highway Speed: 55-60 km/h
Highway Range: 190-300 kilometers

Notes: Two designs actually had this designation. The first one in 1945 only reached the wooden mockup stage. The second had it's first prototype completed 8 September 1946, followed by a second on 25 December 1946. This version had the 130mm S-26 gun.

Tests with 88mm, 122mm, and 128mm guns were carried out; and the hull and turret were redesigned for better armor protection. Additionally, the newer 130mm S-70 gun was fitted. Four of these improved IS-7s were built in the summer of 1948 and tested.

References:
Meshwar Webpage (in Russian)

(Object 260 1945 version Mockup)
(Object 260 Promotional Photo)
(Object 260 Drawing – Possibly an Early Version)
(Object 260 Drawing – Final Version)
(Object 260 at Kubinka)

(Object 260 3/4ths Upper Frontal 3D Render by MeshWar)
(Object 260 3/4ths Rear 3D Render by MeshWar)
(Object 260 Side Top 3D Render by MeshWar)
(Object 260 3/4ths Lower Frontal 3D Render by MeshWar)
(Object 260 3/4ths Lower Frontal 3D Render by MeshWar) (a bit closer than the last one)

Object 730 (IS-8)

Notes: After ten prototypes were built and evaluated, it was recommended that it be put into production after improvements were implemented. Implementing these changes required several more designations (see IS-9 and IS-10).

Object 272 (IS-10 / T-10)

Gun: 122mm D-25TA (30 rounds)
Coaxial: 12.7mm DshKM (300 rounds)

Engine: V-12-5 Diesel (700 hp at 2,100 RPM)

Notes: After Stalin's death, the designation was changed from IS-10 to T-10.

Object 730A (T-10A)

Gun: 122mm D-25TA (30 rounds)
Stabilizer:
Single Plane Stabilizer
Coaxial: 12.7mm DshKM (300 rounds)

Object 730B (T-10B)

Start of Production: 1957
End of Production:
1957
Quantity Built:
110

Gun: 122mm D-25TA (30 rounds)
Stabilizer
: Two-plane stabilizer “Thunder”
Coaxial: 12.7mm DshKM (300 rounds)

Object 730BK (T-10BK)

Notes: Command tank version.

Object 272 / Object 734 (T-10M)

Gun: 122mm M-62T-2 (2A17)
Stabilizer: 2E12 “Liven” Two Plane Stabilizer
Coaxial: 14.5mm KPVT

Combat Weight: 51.5 metric tons
Engine: V-12-6 (750 hp at 2,100 RPM)

Notes: Chelyabinsk built T-10Ms were Object 734; and Leningrad-Built T-10Ms were Object 272. Differences were transmission components, etc.

Object 272K (T-10MK)

Start of Production: 1959
End of Production:
1964
Quantity Built:
100~

Notes: Command version.

Object 277

Year: 1958
Developer: J. Y. Kotin
Quantity: 2

Gun: 130mm M-65 (26 rounds)
Coaxial: 14.5mm KPVT (250 rounds)
Stabilizer: “Groza” Two Plane Stabilizer.

Engine: 1,090 hp diesel

Object 279

Year: 1957
Developer: L.S. Troyanov

Gun: 130mm Rifled Gun M-65 (24 rounds)
Coaxial: 14.5mm KPVT (300 rounds)

Crew: 4

Combat Weight: 60 metric tons
Length (Gun Forward): 10,238 mm
Width: 3,400 mm
Height: 2,475 mm

Engine Choice 1: DG-1000 four stroke 16 cylinder “H” diesel; 950 hp at 2,500 RPM
Engine Choice 2: 2DG-8M four stroke 16 cylinder “H” diesel. 1000 hp at 2,400 RPM.

Highway Speed: 55 km/h
Highway Range: 250 kilometers

References:
Meshwar Webpage (in Russian)

Notes: Heavy four-tracked tank with rounded hull to operate in heavy nuclear environments.

(Object 279 during trials)
(Object 279 at Kubinka, Frontal View)
(Object 279 at Kubinka, 3/4ths Frontal View)
(Object 279 at Kubinka Head On)
(Object 279 at Kubinka Rear Quarter)
(Object 279 at Kubinka Closeup of Tracks)
(Object 279 Side Drawing)

(Object 279 3/4ths Frontal 3D Render by MeshWar)
(Object 279 3/4ths Top 3D Render by MeshWar)
(Object 279 3/4ths Rear 3D Render by MeshWar)
(Object 279 Side 3D Render by MeshWar)

(Object 279 Armor Scheme Drawing 1)
(Object 279 Armor Scheme Drawing 2)

Object 770 Heavy Tank

Designer: Chelyabinsk

Gun: 130mm Rifled Gun M-65 (37 rounds of which 18 are in turret. Electromechanical rammer; 5-7 RPM)
Coaxial: 14.5mm KPVT (250 rounds)
Stabilizer: Biplanar
Rangefinder: Stereoscopic TPD-2S

Crew: 4
Engine: DTN-10 Diesel; 10 cylinders, 1,000 hp.

Self-Propelled Guns

Object 250 / 243 (ISU-130)

(Object 250 Frontal Quarter View 1)
(Object 250 Side View)
(Object 250 Frontal Quarter View 2)
(Object 250 Rear Quarter View)

Medium Tanks

Object 416

Year: 1951

Gun: 100mm Rifled Gun D-54AT
Coaxial:
7.62mm

Weight: 24 tons
Length: 7,940 mm
Width: 3,240 mm
Height: 1,823 mm

Crew: 4
Engine: 400 hp

Notes: All the crew were positioned in the turret, and the power plant and transmission was in the front of the hull. Difficulties in steering the vehicle and firing at the same time caused development work to be dropped.

(Top View of Object 416)
(Side View of Object 416)
(Rear Top View of Object 416)
(Frontal View of Object 416)
(Object 416 Comparison with Conventional Tank)

T-54 Family

Object 137-1 (T-54 M1946)

Cost: 326,000 1947 Rubles

Gun: 100mm Rifled Gun D-10T
Sight: TSh-20
Auxiliary:
2 x SG-43 MGs (Fenders)

Frontal Glacis Armor: 120mm at 60 degrees.

Object 137-2 (T-54 M1949)

Gun: 100mm Rifled Gun D-10T
Sight: TSh2-22
Auxiliary:
1 x Bow MG fixed in Glacis, and fired by driver.
Track Width: 500mm

Frontal Glacis Armor: 100mm at 60 degrees.

Notes: Different turret shape introduced. Glacis Armor reduced due to overloading of front roadwheels.

Object 137-3 (T-54 M1951)

Gun: 100mm Rifled Gun D-10T
Sight: TSh2-22
Auxiliary:
1 x Bow SGMT MG fixed in Glacis, and fired by driver.
Track Width: 580mm

Object 137K (T-54K)

Notes: Command version of T-54 M1951. Additional R-112 radio fitted, along with an Auxiliary Power Unit. Glacis MG removed.

Object 137G (T-54A)

Gun: 100mm Rifled Gun D-10TG
Stabilizer: STP-1 “Gorisont” (Vertical)
Cruising Range: 330 km

Notes: Early models modernized to this standard have counterweight instead of fume extractor.

Object 137GK (T-54AK)

Gun: 100mm Rifled Gun D-10TG
Stabilizer: STP-1 “Gorisont” (Vertical)
Cruising Range: 330 km

Notes: Command version of Object 137. Fitted with extra R-112 radio, along with Auxiliary Power Unit. Glacis MG removed.

Object 137G2 (T-54B)

Gun: 100mm Rifled Gun D-10T2S
Stabilizer: STP-2 “Ciklon” (Two-Plane)
Cruising Range: 430 km

Notes: Additional fuel added increasing cruising range, snorkel system fitted, along with a turret basket.

Object 137G2K (T-54BK)

Gun: 100mm Rifled Gun D-10T2S
Stabilizer: STP-2 “Ciklon” (Two-Plane)
Cruising Range: 430 km

Notes: Command version of Object 137G2. Fitted with extra R-112 radio, along with Auxiliary Power Unit. Glacis MG removed.

Object 139 (T-54M)

Gun: 100mm Rifled Gun D-54T (43 Rounds)

Notes: Was accepted for service, but not produced.

Object 137M (T-54M)

Gun: 100mm Rifled Gun D-10T2S (43 rounds)
Coaxial: 7.62mm PKT
Bow Gun: 7.62mm PKT (Fixed, aimed by driver)
Stabilizer: STP-2 “Ciklon-M” (Two-Plane)
Rangefinder: KDT-1 Laser Rangefinder.
Engine: V-55 (or V-55V)

Notes: Modernization program for T-54 Models 1946/49/51. Stabilized gunners' sight fitted, IR sights for Commander, Gunner, and Driver. Machine Guns changed to PKTs. PAZ Anti-Radiation equipment and Automatic Fire Extinguishers fitted.

Object 137MK (T-54MK)

Notes: Command version of Object 137M. Added an additional R-112 radio, a TNA-4 APU; and removed the bow machine gun.

Object 137GM (T-54AM)

Notes: Modernization program for Object 137G (T-54A).

Object 137GMK (T-54AMK)

Notes: Command version of Object 137GM.

Object 481 (OT-54)

Main Gun: 100mm (19 rounds)
Coaxial: ATO-1 Flamethrower (20 shots)

(OT-54 Side Perspective View)

Object 600 (SU-54)

Year: 1949

Notes: Accepted for production in 1954; 77 built before production terminated in 1957.

Object 500 (ZSU-57-2)

T-55 Family

Object 155 (T-55)

Main Gun: 100mm D-10T2S (43 rounds)
Coaxial: 7.62mm SGMT
Bow Gun: 7.62mm SGMT (Fixed, aimed by driver)
Stabilizer: STP-2 “Ciklon” (Two-Plane)
Engine: V-55 Diesel (580 hp)

Object 155K (T-55K)

Main Gun: 100mm D-10T2S (37 rounds)
Coaxial: 7.62mm SGMT
Stabilizer: STP-2 “Ciklon” (Two-Plane)
Engine: V-55 Diesel (580 hp)

Notes. Command version of Object 155. Additional R-112 radio fitted, along with APU.

Object 482 (OT-55)

Main Gun: 100mm Rifled Gun (25 rounds)
Coaxial: ATO-200 Flamethrower (12 shots)
Bow Gun: 7.62mm MG (Fixed, aimed by driver; 750 rounds)

(OT-55 Side Perspective View)
(OT-55 Frontal View)
(OT-55 Closeup of Flamethrower)
(OT-55 In Action)

Object 483

Notes: Flamethrower installed in place of main gun. Not proceeded with.

(Object 483 Photograph)

Object 155A (T-55A)

Main Gun: 100mm Rifled Gun
Coaxial: 7.62mm PKT

Notes: Added an NBC protection system. T-55A used a new anti-radiation lining and PAZ/FVU chemical filtration system upgrade on the same turret. The lining caused the turret hatches to be thicker and no longer flush with the turret surface. Notable features are much larger combing on the commander's and gunner's hatch, and a large blister on the driver's hatch.

Object 155AK (T-55AK)

Main Gun: 100mm Rifled Gun (37 rounds)

Notes: Command version of Object 155A. Additional R-112 radio fitted, along with APU.

Object 155AD (T-55AD)

Year: 1983

Active Protection: 1030M "Drozd"

Notes: T-55A with Drozd.

Object 155AD-1 (T-55AD-1)

Year: 1983

Engine: V-46-5M
Active Protection:
1030M "Drozd"

Notes: T-55A with Drozd and V-46-5M engine.

Object 155M (T-55M)

Year: 1984

Stabilizer: “Ciklon-M1”
Gunners Sight: TShSM-32PV (Two Plane Independent Stabilization)
Ballistic Computer: BV-55
Rangefinder: KDT-2 Laser Rangefinder

Engine: V-55U Diesel (620 hp)

Notes: Equipped with 9K116 “Bastion” ATGM system.

Missile Armed Tanks

Object 757

Gun: 125mm Rifled Gun/Launcher D-126S
Coaxial: 7.62mm SGMT

Crew: 3

Engine: V-12-6F (850 hp)

Notes: Missile-armed tank.

(Object 757 Drawing)
(Object 757 in Vadim Zadorozhny's Technical Museum Near Moscow. 3 MB Photo by Vitaly K. Kuzmin)

Object 775

Year: 1962

Gun: 125mm D-126 Rifled Gun/Rocket Launcher (24 x Rubin ATGM + 48 x 125mm Бур “Boer” Rocket Boosted HEF Shells)
Stabilizer: Two Plane Stabilizer 2E16
Coaxial: 7.62mm PKT

Crew: 2

Length: 6,117 mm
Width: 3,415 mm
Height: 1,740mm

Engine: 700 hp
Highway Speed: 66 km/hr

Notes: Missile-armed tank. The Commander doubled as the gunner, and the driver sat in a rotating capsule that always faced forward, similar to that implemented in MBT-70.

(Three-View Drawing of Object 775)
(Object 775 Prototype at Kubinka)
(Object 775 At Kubinka Front Quarter View)

Object 282

Year: 1961
Gun: 125mm D-126 Rifled Gun/Rocket Launcher (24 ATGM + 48 HEF)
Crew
: 3

Combat Weight: 51.47 metric tons
Length: 7,250 mm
Width: 3,380 mm
Height: 2,100 mm
Ground Clearance: 460 mm
Maximum Highway Speed: 55 km/h
Highway Radius: 300 kilometers

Notes: Used chassis of T-10M heavy tank with the turret from the Object 775 Rocket Tank.

(Object 282 Side Drawing)
(Object 282 Field Trials)

Object 287

Developer: Leningrad
Launcher:
Two-Plane Stabilized Pop-Up Launcher with 15 x 9M15 “Typhoon” ATGM
Guns:
2 x 73mm 2A25 Grom (8 round revolving drum for each gun, plus 8 more in stowage) with PG-15V Spear.
Coaxial: 2 x PKT Machine Guns
Crew
: 2

Combat Weight: 36.5 metric tons
Length:
6,124 mm
Width:
3,415 mm
Height:
1,750 mm
Ground Clearance:
450 mm
Engine
: 5TD Opposed Piston Diesel (700 hp)

Highway Speed: 66 km/hr
Highway Radius: 500 kilometers

Notes: Based on the Object 430 hull. The commander sat on the right side of the turret and doubled as the gunner. The driver sat on the left side of the turret. The engine was in front. Could fire ATGMs while moving at 20-30 km/hr.

Combination Armor Composition:

90mm RHA
130mm Fiberglass
30mm of Anti Radiation Liner
15mm of Anti Radiation Liner

(Object 287 Photograph during trials?)
(Object 287 Side Drawing)

Object 150 (IT-1)

Developer: Nizhny Tagil

Main Armament: 2K4 ATGM System (12 x 3M7 “Dragon” ATGM in autoloader + 3 stowed externally)
Coaxial: 7.62mm PKT (2,000 rounds)

Length: 6,630mm
Width:
3,330 mm
Height:
2,800mm or 1,830mm (Hydropneumatic suspension)

Engine: V-55A Diesel (580 hp)
Fuel: 695 liters in three fuel tanks, plus 285 liters in three external fuel tanks.
Highway Speed: 55 km/hr
Highway Range: 470 km with internal fuel, 670 km with external fuel

Notes: Missile-armed tank destroyer. 220 built between 1968 and 1970. Equipped two battalions of tank destroyers, one in the Belorussian MD, the other in the Carpathian MD. In 1970; 2,000 3M7 Drakon ATGMs for it were produced along with 20 IT-1s.

(Object 150 Promotional Photo)
(Object 150 Perspective Frontal View)
(Object 150 Trials)
(Object 150 Drawings)

BMP-1 Family

Object 1200

Gun: 73mm Gun (40 rounds)
Coaxial: 7.62mm (2,000 rounds)
ATGM: 4 rounds malyutka

Combat Weight: 13.67 metric tons
Length:
6,860 mm
Width:
2,830 mm
Height:
2,020 mm

Crew: 3
Passengers: 7

Engine: UTD-20 (300 hp)
Highway Speed: 90 km/hr
Water Speed: 10 km/hr
Highway Radius: 500 kilometers

Notes: Hull and turret made from rolled armor (grade 2A). 8x8 wheeled configuration.

(Object 1200 State Trials Picture 1)
(Object 1200 State Trials Picture 2)
(Object 1200 State Trials Picture 3)
(Object 1200 State Trials Picture 4)

Object 19

Designer: Rubtsovsk

Object 765 (BMP-1)

BMP-3 Family

Object 685

Gun: 100mm (40 rounds)
Coaxial: 7.62mm PKT (2,000 rounds)

Crew: 3

Weight: 16.5 metric tons
Length (gun forward)
: 9,451mm
Length (Hull): 7,200 mm
Width: 3,150 mm
Height: 2,250mm
Ground Clearance: 450mm

Engine: 400 hp
Water Speed: 10 km/hr
Highway Speed: 70 km/hr
Highway Radius: 600 kilometers

Notes: Hull made out of steel, turret made out of titanium. Frontal protection was against 23mm rounds.

Object 688

Designer: Kurgan
Gun
: 30mm Gun + 2 x ATGM Tubes in low profile external turret

Notes: Based on Object 685 Light Tank

T-62 Family

Object 166 (T-62)

Year: 1961
Developer: Nizhny Tagil
Gun: 115mm 2A20 smoothbore (40 rounds) +16/-6 degree elevation/depression
Stabilizer: 2 plane
Engine: V-55V Diesel (580 hp)
Armor: 102mm@60deg glacis, 242mm max frontal turret.

Object 164 (T-62A)

Year: 1962
Gun: 100mm D-54TS
Stabilizer: 2 plane

T-64B

Notes: major redesign incorporating new hull and turret armor that was less bulky than the first generation Combination K armor on the T-64A while offering better protection. The T-64B also has a laser rangefinder. This was a further development of the T-64A tank by means of installing a more advanced fire control system and armament stabilizer, guided missile system, improving the protection level etc. The following versions of the tank were produced: T-64BK commander tank, T-64B1 tank without the guided missile system, and T-64BV tank fitted with add-on explosive reactive armour array.

Object 166K (T-62K)

Year: 1964
Gun: 115mm 2A20 smoothbore (36 rounds)

Notes: Additional radios added for commander. Command tank models also have a land navigation system which includes a gyroscopic compass and a calculator giving continuous enroute readout of the tank's location (in relation to its point of origin) and its distance from and azimuth to a predetermined objective.

Object 166KN (T-62K)

Year: 1964

Notes: Adds TNA-2 Navigational Aid

Object 166D (T-62D)

Year: 1983

Active Protection: 1030M Drozd

Object 166D-1 (T-62D)

Year: 1983
Engine: V-46-5M

Object 166M (T-62M)

Year: 1983

Gun: 115mm with 42 rounds
Stabilizer: Meteor M1
Engine: V-55U Diesel (620 hp)

Notes: Deep modernization of T-62 design.

Object 166M-1 (T-62M-1)

Engine: V-46-5M Diesel

Object 166M1 (T-62M1)

Engine: V-55U Diesel (620 hp)

Notes: No Missile Guidance

Object 166M1-1 (T-62M1-1)

Engine: V-46-5M Diesel

Notes: No Missile Guidance

Object 166M1-2 (T-62M1-2)

Engine: V-55U Diesel (620 hp)

Notes: No Missile Guidance and no additional armor

Object 166M1-2-1 (T-62M1-2-1)

Engine: V-46-5M Diesel

Notes: No Missile Guidance and no additional armor.

Object 166MD (T-62MD)

Year: 1983
Active Protection: 1030M Drozd

Object 166MD-1 (T-62MD-1)

Year: 1983

Active Protection: 1030M Drozd
Engine: V-46-5M Diesel

Object 166MK (T-62MK)

Notes: Command version with no missile guidance.

Object 166MK-1 (T-62MK-1)

Engine: V-46-5M Diesel

Notes: Command version with no missile guidance.

Object 166MV (T-62MV)

Year: 1985

Active Protection: K-1 ERA

Object 166MV-1 (T-62MV-1)

Year: 1985

Active Protection: K-1 ERA
Engine: V-46-5M Diesel

Object 166M1V (T-62M1V)

Notes: No Missile Guidance

Object 166M1V-1 (T-62M1V-1)

Engine: V-46-5M Diesel

Notes: No Missile Guidance

T-64 Family

Object 430

Year: 1957
Developer: Kharkov

Gun: 100mm D-54TS (50 rounds)
Stabilization: Biplanar
Rangefinder:
Stereoscopic TPDS
Coaxial Weapon:
7.62mm
Bow Weapon: 7.62mm

Weight: 36 metric tons
Length: 8,785 mm
Width: 3,090 mm
Height: 2,160 mm

Crew: 4
Engine: 580 hp
Maximum Highway Speed: 55 km/h
Highway Range: 450 kilometers

Notes: Was intended to create a tank that would be considerably better than the T-54. Design work began in 1953; and prototypes were built in 1957 and tested in 1958. Was decided not to proceed with the design, due to it having totally new equipment for everything.

(Object 430 Frontal View 1)
(Object 430 Frontal View 2)
(Object 430 3-View Drawing)
(Object 430 3-View Drawing HI RES)

Object 432

Gun: 115mm D-68 Smoothbore with automatic loader

Weight: 30.5 metric tons

Crew: 3
Engine: 5TD Opposed Piston Diesel (700 hp)

Notes: Continued development of the Object 430 resulted in this tank

(Object 432 Trials)

Object 434 (T-64)

Gun: 115mm D-68 (2A42) Smoothbore with automatic loader

Weight: 36.5 metric tons
Engine: 5TD Diesel (650 hp)
Maximum Highway Speed: 65 km/h
Highway Range: 500 kilometers

Notes: Object 432 with radiation liner and composite armor.

Object 437 (T-64A)

Gun: 125mm D-81 (2A46) Smoothbore with automatic loader

Cost: 143,000 Rubles (at introduction of T-80)
Weight
: 38 metric tons
Engine: 5TDF Diesel (700 hp)
Maximum Highway Speed: 60.5 km/h
Highway Range: 500 kilometers

Object 476

Year: 1979

Gun: 125mm
Coaxial:
7.62mm

Weight: 41.5 tons
Length: 9,530 mm
Width: 3,580 mm
Height: 2,210 mm

Crew: 3
Engine: 1,000 hp
Highway Speed: 67 km/h
Highway Range: 600 kilometers

Notes: Development of the T-64A to facilitate the installation of the 6TD Engine.

(Object 476 Photo 1)
(Object 476 Photo 2)
(Object 476 Photo 3)
(Object 476 Photo 4)

Object 447A (T-64B)

Gun: 125mm 2A46M-1 or 2A46-2 Smoothbore with automatic loader

Weight: 40.6 metric tons
Engine: 5TDF Diesel (700 hp)
Maximum Highway Speed: 60.5 km/h
Highway Range: 600 kilometers

Object (T-64BV)

Gun: 125mm 2A46M-1 or 2A46-2 Smoothbore with automatic loader

Weight: 42.5 metric tons
Engine: 5TDF Diesel (700 hp)
Maximum Highway Speed: 60.5 km/h
Highway Range: 600 kilometers

T-72 Family

Object 167

(Object 167 Official Photo)
(Object 167 Field Trials)
(Object 167 Drawings)

Object 167T

Year: 1963

Gun: 115mm Gun (40 rounds)
Coaxial:
7.62mm SGMT (2,500 rounds)
Stabilizer: “Meteor”

Weight: 36.7 tons
Length (Gun Forward): 9,339 mm
Length (Hull Only): 6.07 meters
Width: 3.3 meters
Height: 2,395 mm

Crew: 4
Engine: GTD-3T Gas Turbine (700 hp)
Highway Speed: 64 km/h
Highway Range: 211 kilometers

(Object 167T at Kubinka?)

Object 167TU

Engine: GTD-3TU

Object 172M (T-72)

Gun: 39 rounds
Stabilizer:
2E28

Weight: 41 metric tons
Engine: V-46 Diesel (780 hp)
Maximum Highway Speed: 65 km/h
Highway Range: 500 kilometers

Object 174 (T-72A) “Dolly Parton”

Gun: 44 rounds
Stabilizer:
2E28M

Weight: 41.5 metric tons
Engine: V-46-6 Diesel (780 hp)
Maximum Highway Speed: 60.5 km/h
Highway Range: 460 kilometers

(T-72B)

Weight: 44.5 metric tons
Engine: V-84-1 Diesel (840 hp)
Maximum Highway Speed: 65 km/h
Highway Range: 500 kilometers

Object 174M (T-72B1)

Gun: 46 rounds + 4 ATGM
Engine
: V-84 Diesel (840 hp)

Object 187 (T-72BM)

Gun: 45 rounds + 4 ATGM
Fire Control:
A40
Active Protection
: Kontakt 5 Heavy ERA

Weight: 44.5 metric tons
Engine: V-84-1 Diesel (840 hp)
Maximum Highway Speed: 65 km/h
Highway Range: 500 kilometers

Object 188 (T-72BU / T-90)

Gun: 125mm 2A46M-1 (D-81TM) Smoothbore with 43 rounds (22 in carousel)
Fire Control:
1A45T
Active Protection: Shtora-1
Engine: V-84MS Diesel (840 hp)

Notes: Was re-designated T-90 to distinguish it from the T-72 series after the poor showing of Iraqi T-72s in the 1991 Gulf War.

Object 188M (T-90M)

Gun: 125mm 2A82 Smoothbore
ERA: Relikt

Notes: Has a newly designed turret which is bigger than the older one, without weakened aspects in the frontal coverage; new radios, navigation system, etc.

Object 640 (Black Eagle)

T-80 Family

Notes: T-80 development was conducted under the following nicknames:

Object 288

Engine: GTD-1000 Gas Turbine

Notes: Test bed for gas turbine propulsion.

(Object 288 Perspective Photo)

Object 219 (T-80)

Cost: 480,000 Rubles (at introduction)
Engine
: GTD-1000T Gas Turbine (1,000 hp; 500 hr service life)

Notes: Produced only from 1976 to 1978 at LKZ. Indications are around only 200~ or less were built.

Object 219R (T-80B)

Engine: GTD-1000TF Gas Turbine (1,000 hp; 1,000 hr service life)

Notes: Introduced “Combination K” laminate armor in the turret. Accepted for production as T-80B in 1978 and replaced the earlier T-80 on the production line at LKZ. In 1979, the Omsk plant began production, opening a second source.

Object 219E (T-80BM1)

Notes: Had Arena fitted.

Object 630 (T-80BK)

Notes: Command Version of T-80B, with land navigation system and additional radios.

Object 219A “Olkha”

Notes: Mated the turret from Kharkov's Object 476, which was a modernized T-64B turret with substantially improved fire control; with the T-80B hull.

Object 219AS (T-80U) (SMT M1989)

Fire Control: 1A45 Irtysh
Ballistic Computer: 15V528
Engine
: GTD-1250T Gas Turbine (1,250 hp)

Notes: Merged Object 219A and Object 219V with the Kontakt-5 package. A pre-production batch of 20 was built in late 1983. Following troop trials, 219AS was accepted for service as the T-80U in 1985. Series production began at Omsk in 1987.

Object 630A (T-80UK)

Notes: Command Version of T-80U, with land navigation system and additional radios.

Object 478B “Bereza” (Birch Tree) (T-80UD)

Engine: 6TD Diesel (1,000 hp)

Notes: Kharkov actually proposed designating this the T-84 in service, after their tradition of naming tanks after the year of design (T-34, T-44, T-54, T-64 and T-72). However, due to internal factional fights within the Army who felt that this would draw attention to the fact that no less than four “standard” tanks (T-64, T-72, and T-84) would be in service with the Soviet Army with virtually indistinguishable operating characteristics, the designation issue eventually went to the Central Committee, who picked the designation of T-80UD (Usovershenstvovanniy Dieselniy), or “Improved Diesel” as it was much less contentious.

Self-Propelled Guns

Object 271

Gun: 406mm Howitzer 2AZ

Object 273

Gun: 420mm Mortar 2B1 Oka

Object 268

Gun: 152mm Rifled Gun M-64 (35 rounds)
Crew: 4

Engine: V-12-5 Diesel (700 hp at 2,100 RPM)
Highway Speed: 42 km/hr
Highway Radius: 200 kilometers

Notes: Based on T-10 Chassis

(Object 268 Picture 1)
(Object 268 Picture 2)
(Object 268 Picture 3)
(Object 268 Picture 4)
(Object 268 Picture 5)
(Object 268 Picture 6)
(Object 268 Picture 7)
(Object 268 Picture 7)

Object 704 (ISU-152 M1945)

Gun: 152mm Gun-Howitzer ML-20 (20 rounds at 1-2 RPM)
Coaxial: 12.7mm DshK (300 Rounds)

Combat Weight: 47.3 metric tons
Engine
: 520 hp at 2,200 RPM
Highway Speed: 40 km/hr
Highway Radius: 220 kilometers

Notes: Based off IS-2/IS-3 hull parts.

(Object 704 Trials Pic 1)
(Object 704 Trials Pic 2)

Random Prototypes Which Fit Nowhere Else

Object 450 (T-74)

Developer: Kharkov

(Object 450 Photograph)

Object 477 “Molot” (Hammer)

Crew: 2 (Gunner and Commander)
Gun: 152mm 2A83 Gun with Autoloader (10 rounds in ready drum, with two 12 round replenishment drums; 34 total) in unmanned pod. Rate of fire was around 14 RPM.

Notes: Development began in 1981, with preliminary design completed in 1984. By 1987, prototypes began to be constructed. However, due to the worsening situation in the Soviet Union, work was possibly not completed. May be progenitor of current unmanned turret designs put forth over the years by post-Soviet designers.

(Object 477 Side Drawing)

Object 292

Bureau: LKZ
Gun: 152.4mm

Notes: In contrast with Object 477, the gun is mounted in a more or less conventional turret on a T-80 base hull. The prototype was finished in September 1990, with firing trials beginning in 1991.

(Object 292 Side Photograph)
(Object 292 Photograph 2)
(Object 292 Photograph 3)
(Object 292 Photograph 4)

Object 907

Gun: 76.2mm Rifled Gun D-56T (40 rounds)
Coaxial:
7.62mm SGMT (2,000 rounds)

Crew: 3

Combat Weight: 14.87 metric tons
Length
: 7625mm
Width: 3140mm
Height: 2,255 mm

Engine: V-6M (300 hp)
Fuel Capacity: 500 Liters
Highway Speed: 45 km/hr
Water Speed: 11.2 km/hr
Highway Radius: 250 kilometers

Object 780

Developer: Chelyabinsk

Year: 1971-1972
Combat Weight: 40 metric tons
Gun: 125mm or 130mm (49 rounds)

(Proposed Artwork of Object 780)