CARRIERS COLLECTION
LAST UPDATED: 3 JUNE 2003

BOX LABELS: Green/Purple

This is a working file in the Naval Aviation History Office. It consists of a wide range of documents from primary and secondary sources dealing with aircraft carriers. The emphasis is on the concepts of the carrier and its usefulness and employment. It does not deal with the specific history of a particular carrier. The history of a particular carrier will be found in that carriers' history collection. The time period covered is from the 1920s to present. There are approximately 8 linear feet of records in this collection.

BOX 1 – CARRIERS: POLICY, DESIGN, DEVELOPMENT & EVOLUTION

1920’s Policy & Proposals
1941-1945 Carrier Design/Damage Control/Lessons Learned
1955-1975 Carrier Design/Capacity & Capabilities/Trends
1975-Present, Carrier Design/Capacity & Capabilities/Trends
Development & Evolution of Carriers to WWII
“History of Design of the 39,000 Ton Airplane Carrier” plus CV-2 and CV-3 design information
Development & Evolution, WWII and After
Evolution of the Attack Aircraft Carrier” Aug 1965
The Development of Attack Aircraft Carriers
Evolution, Misc. & Articles

The Relation Between Air and Surface Activities in the Navy” - Lecture given by LCDR B.G. Leighton at NWC on 23 Mar 1928. In it, he advocates 10,000 ton carriers over 8" Gun Cruisers in the scouting role.

BOX 2 – CARRIERS: ROLE, NEED, & FUTURE

Role of Carriers (3 folders)
Role of the Navy (2 folders)
Need for Carriers (3 folders)
Need for the Navy
Control of the Sea” RADM Boone 1949
Future of Carriers
Future of the Navy
The Navy of the 1970 Era” Office of the CNO – January 1958 – Is somewhere in box

BOX 3 – CARRIERS: FOREIGN

British Carriers (3 Folders)
Chinese Carriers
French Carriers
INS Vikrant
Japanese Carriers from WW II, photos

ONI-222-J - The Japanese Navy - June 1945

USSR (Russian) Carriers

The Soviet Navy – ONI – February 1951
ONI-222-R - Naval vessels of the USSR - July 1945
ONI-F-35R - Merchant Vessels of the USSR, Poland, Hungary, Rumania, Bulgaria - June 1951

BOX 4 – CARRIERS: CONCEPTS

CV Concept Study (DECLASSIFIED 9 FEB 97, 2 folders)

This is a study done in 1971 detailing the reasons for the CVA(N) to CV(N) redesignation. Essentially CVSes couldn't defend themselves from the growing Soviet air and missile threat due to a lack of fighters. Additionally it details how conversion from CVA or CVS to a CV would require such and such changes to accomodate ASW or attack/fighter squadrons in manpower, berthing, shops etc.

Also, you need to install specialist equipment for attack plotting and weapon stowage; and work out how you are going to conduct flight operations -- there are only so many catapults/aircraft elevators/weapon elevators -- and you need to work out a flow pattern; e.g. all A-6s will launch from such catapult and use the forward weapon elevator; etc, which drives the stowage loading. Also, they will always use this aircraft elevator, which drives hangar shop stowage.

Concepts for CV (2 folders)

Concepts for Sea Control Ships (2 folders)
Light Aircraft Carriers
Characteristics of Super Carriers beginning with Forrestal
Concepts for Medium (CVV) and Small Carriers
Concepts for Sea-Based Air Platforms Project
Navy Staff Study on Attack Carriers

CVA Carriers

Design Requirements of Modern Attack Aircraft Carriers (Original Booklet)
Attack Aircraft Carriers – Mobile Striking Power (Book Circa 1957; Original)

CVE Carriers
CVL Carriers
Classes of Carriers, Misc.

BOX 5 – CARRIERS: CLASSES OF CARRIERS, NUCLEAR (This Box is Classified/For Official Use Only)

CVN-74 Briefing Book (5 parts in 3 folders)
CVN-74/75 Briefing Book (5 parts in 3 folders)
Aircraft Carrier Reference Manual”

BOX 6 – CARRIERS: CLASSES OF CARRIERS, NUCLEAR

CVN (2 folders)
Concepts for CVNX
CVNX Documentation
CVNX Characteristics Study Group Report,” Jan. 1976 – Original Document. Xeroxed copy of this is in Box 1

BOX 7 – CARRIERS: CAPABILITIES, DEPLOYMENTS, & CHARACTERISTICS

The Characteristics, Capabilities, and Limitations of Fast Attack Carrier Task Force”VADM Gardner, March 1953

Has a lot of original pencil sketches illustrating the document. Definitely worth a look.

Attack Carrier Capabilities

Long Discussion of 1950s air defense; including talk of averages from 58 simulated raids by B-45s -- The B-45s came in at 40,000 feet and were detected 155 miles from TF. Interceptions occured at an average of 38 miles by F2Hs and F9Fs. 68% of B-45s killed, but 32% got through.

CVN-77 & CVNX Capabilities Article
Carrier Capabilities, Misc.
Carrier Deployments
Carrier Deployments – FOUO
Carrier Deployments, Misc.
Carriers Large vs. Small

Characteristics of pre-Forrestal Carriers

CV-9 (ESSEX) Design Correspondence Packet
Aircraft Carriers Comparative Data Revision 5 dated 15 Apr 1954 (Bu Aer SK No S.1. 1134) – (Large Foldout Chart)

Characteristics of Super Carriers, Beginning with Forrestal

“Design Requirements of Modern Attack Aircraft Carriers” (Xeroxed Copy of original document found in Box 4)
SCB-160 Specification Document
SCB-127B Specification Document
SCB-110A Specification Document
Class Improvement plans for CVA-15, CVA-19, CVA-41, and CVA-59 classes. - August 1958

Redesignation of Various Carriers

BOX 8 – CARRIERS: OPERATIONS

CARRIER DEPLOYMENTS THROUGH WWII +
ANTIETAM (CV-36) – CORAL SEA (CVB-43)
COWPENS (CVL-25) – HORNET (CV-12)
INDEPENDENCE (CVL-22) – LEYTE (CV-32)
MIDWAY (CV-41) – SARATOGA (CV-3)
SHANGRI-LA (CV-38) – YORKTOWN (CVA-10)
Deployment of Aircraft Carriers (Individual)
Captain P.E. Pihl “Carrier Operations” Feb 1949
Amphibious Operations Supported by Carriers
ASW Operations
Carriers in International Crisis Situations
Attack Carrier Employment, 1950-1962”
Mine Laying Operations (WW II)
Vietnam Operations
CVA Tours to Mediterranean (6th Fleet)
CVA Tours to Mediterranean (6th Fleet)
CVA Tours to SE Asia & 7th Fleet 1946-1969 (see also individual carriers)
Operations, Misc.

BOX 9 – CARRIERS: PROGRAMS

SLEP – Service Life Extension Program (2 folders; one contains a fairly large packet from 21 June 1977 that details the planning for a SLEP)

Handbook of US Aircraft Carrier Programs” Chapters 1-22 [end]

This is a very large booklet that is conservatively at least 400~ pages. It's basically the “go to” briefing book for anyone who needs to brief Congress or the Media as to why we need big-deck carriers; and no, they're not as vunerable to Soviet attack as defense reformers make them out to be.

Programs, Misc.

BOX 10 – CARRIERS: STATISTICAL INFORMATION

Statistics at Commissioning
Special Study – Composition of Fast Carrier Forces and Damage by Enemy Action
Effectiveness of U.S. Carrier Operations – Carrier vs. Carrier
Part 1-A Resources, Assignment, and Use of U.S. Carriers (Appears to be supporting details collected for WSEG-4)
Part 1-B Availability and Employment of Carrier Type Aircraft (Appears to be supporting details collected for WSEG-4)
Part II Effectiveness of U.S. Fast Carrier Operations – Action Summary and Details of Selected Campaigns, Vol. 1, pp. 1-39
Part II Effectiveness of U.S. Fast Carrier Operations – Action Summary and Details of Selected Campaigns, Vol. II, pp. 40-71.
WSEG-Staff Study No. 4 Operational Experience of Fast Carrier Task Forces in World War II,” 15 Aug. 1951 (Copy 727)
United States Fleet Carriers of World War II, by Richard Humble, 1984 (Blandford Press)
US Carriers Facts and Figures

BOX 11 – CARRIERS: COSTS & ACQUISTIONS

Contract Awards
Acquisition Strategy Brief
Budget
CNO Report Before Committee on Armed Services Concerning FY 1978 Posture and Budget
CNO Report Concerning FY 1979 Military Posture and Budget of USN
Military Procurement, FY 1978 Hearing before Committee on Armed Services – US Senate
Costs & Acquisitions
Cost of Carriers (2 folders)
Repair / Modernization Manday Expenditures on CV-59, 64, 66 & 67, During 1967-1977.

BOX 12 – CARRIERS: AVIATION

Trends in Naval Aviation – Address by VADM W.V. Davies & RADM P.H. Ramsey
Basic Considerations Governing the Use of Carrier Air Power in Future War,” May 1948 by Lathrop
Air Capable Ship Aviation Facilities Bulletin No. 1F
Introduction of Carrier Aviation into the US Navy and the Royal Navy (2 folders)
Essays on the History of Naval Air Operations
Development of Aircraft Carrier Landing System
Night Landings – Early Period
Night Landings – Post WWII
Deck Lights and Landing Lights
Aircraft Squadron Assignment
Carrier Air Wings – general info.
Air Wing Deployment Planning Schedules (2 folders)
Air Boss and Air Dept. on board a Carrier
Air Operations
Flight Deck Operations
Flight Decks – Conversions, Modernization, etc.
Twin Engine Aircraft on Carriers
Articles in support of Carrier Aviation, 1948

BOX 13 – CARRIERS: AVIATION

Air Operations in Naval Warfare” Reading Supplement
Comparative Costs: Land-Based vs. Carrier Aircraft
Fleet Aviation
Landing Interval Record (2 folders)
Aircraft Squadrons, Battle Fleet Tactics
Survivability
Aviation, Misc.

BOX 14 – CARRIERS: PERSONNEL

List of Aviators with Significant Contributions to Carrier Aviation
List of Commanding Officers of Aircraft Carriers
CO's by Ship
Manpower
Shipboard Life
Training

BOX 15 – CARRIERS: SUBJECT (A-F)

Armament
Camouflage
In Commission
Communications
Construction and Plans (4 fold
ers)
Conversions and Modernizations

SCB-27C Modernization Specification Document

Criticism of Carriers
Employment of Carriers
Employment of Attack Carriers
Employment and Readiness: Cuba & Lebanon
The Employment of a Carrier Task Force in the Mediterranean” – Capt. S.G. Kelly, Nov. 1948

CVA Force Levels (3 Folders)

Tactical Air Warfare Study Volumes I through IV (Sent to SecDef McNamara – 10 September 1964)

The F-111B phase-in is based on replacing two 12 plane F-4B squadrons with a single 12 plane F-111B squadron.

In this; the U.S. Navy claims that land-based runways (with revetments) are vunerable to 250 lb bombs. They also claim that in order to neutralize a 7,000 foot runway with Badgers carrying iron bombs...you only need nine sorties....and this is with a 35% attrition rate. Meanwhile, they claim that with the same equipment and attrition rate; it would take 60 sorties by Badgers to neutralize a CVA operating with four decoys.

Force Levels

BOX 16 – CARRIERS: SUBJECT (F-L)

Flush Deck Characteristics and Building Program
Incidents – “US Navy Responses to International Incidents & Crises, 1955-1975” – Mahoney, Robert B.
Incidents – America, Enterprise, Hancock, Okinawa, Oriskany, & Saratoga
Incidents & Protests
Incidents: Kitty Hawk – 12 & 13 Oct. 1972 (2 folders)
Incidents: Kitty Hawk – Collision at Sea, March 1984
Incidents: Ranger – Low-level radiation leakage of the Boiler water level indicator, Sept 1983
Incidents: Ranger – Fire, Dec. 1972 & Fire, Nov. 1983
Logistic Limitations on Fast Carrier Operations (2 folders)

BOX 17 – CARRIERS: SUBJECT (M-R)

Maintenance
Markings or Distinguishing Features
Operational Test and Evaluation
Instructions
Organization & Regulation Manual for Carriers, 1955
Readiness – America Battlegroup Readiness, July 1984 & Aug. 1977
Readiness – Constellation – Underway Material Inspection, Sept. 1982
Readiness – Forrestal, May 1980
Readiness – Hancock vs Lexington
Readiness – Kitty Hawk, Underway Material Inspection, Aug. 1983
Readiness – Lexington, Underway Material Inspection, Feb. 1982
Readiness – Midway, Underway Material Inspection, Sept. 1984
Readiness – Ranger, Underway Material Inspection, March 1983
Readiness – Ranger, Main Propulsion Fuel Oil Management Procedures
Readiness – Misc.

BOX 18 – CARRIERS: SUBJECT (S-V)

Safety (2 folders)
Sea Control
Ships Security
Tactics
Task Force – Report of Task Force Sixty-Eight Summer Operation, 1947
Task Force – Carrier Task Force Presentation, National War College
Task Force – Misc.
Task Force – The Development and Operations of Japanese and American Carrier Task Forces during WWII, James H. Belote and William M. Belote
Trends – Carrier and Aircraft Trends
Trends – Naval Aviation RIF/Draw Down Trends, Grossnick, 1992
Vulnerability

BOX 19 – CARRIERS: GENERAL

Carrier Retirement Options
Uses for Decommissioned Carriers
Draft Requirements for Carriers
Major Fleet Commitments
Ranger 1982 Cruise Reports
Midway Blister, Motions Improvement Project Dec. 1987 (2 folders)
Underway Replenishment Program for Aircraft Carriers
Quarterly Summary, Oct. 1946-1 Apr 1947 (2 folders)
Naval Vessel Register / Ships Data Book changes for 1957 & 1974
Naval Vessel Register

BOX 20 – CARRIERS: GENERAL

Misc. Carrier Status
Aircraft Carrier Memorial (see also Museums collection)
Congressional visits to Carriers
City of Steel” VHS Cassette

BOX 21 – CARRIERS: LITERATURE (A-M)

Articles filed alphabetically by author

BOX 22 – CARRIERS: LITERATURE (N-Z)

Articles files alphabetically by author
Correspondence dealing with books written on Carriers
Articles, Misc.
Naval Aviation News Magazines pertaining to Carriers

BOX 23 – CARRIERS: LITERATURE

Books & Magazines:
Carrier Warfare
America’s Carrier Battle Groups … There When We Need Them!
The Maritime Strategy
CVN 74/75 Acquisition Program Handbook
Newport News Shipbuilding, The First Century
Supercarriers, Naval Aviation in Action
Carrier Aviation

ARTICLES AND PRESENTATIONS IN CARRIER LITERATURE FILE

NOTE: Filed alphabetically under LITERATURE: Periodical Articles" unless otherwise noted.

A

Abt, C.C. "The Submarine aircraft Carrier," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (October 1963).

B

Barkley, LT R. L. and Buckley, Lt. F. D., USN. "Carrier Crisis," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (March 1943).

Brown, David A. "Sea Control Ship Air Group Set," Aviation Week & Space Technology, (February 12, 1973).
[VII. CONCEPTS ABOUT VARIOUS CLASSES OF CARRIERS: Concepts for Sea Control Ship]

Buell, CDR Hal, USN (Ret.). "The Angled Deck Concept    Savior of the Tailhook Navy," The Hook, (Fall 1987).

Burgess, LCDR John E. USN. "Survival of the Fittest in Naval Aviation," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (October 1971).

Burke, ADM Arleigh A. USN (Ret.). "Role of Naval Forces," [An address delivered to the Seapower Symposium at the Naval War College] Naval War College Review, [n.d.].

Burke, ADM Arleigh A. USN (CNO). "Military Posture of the United States," [Statement before the Senate Armed Services Committee] [n.d.].

Burlage, JOC John D. "The Modern Aircraft Carrier: Manning the Carrier's Main Battery," Naval aviation News, (December 1967).

C

Cagle, CDR Malcolm W., USN. "The Neglected Ocean," [Indian Ocean] U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (November 1958).

Cairl, Michael A. "Through deck Cruiser: The New Capital Ship," Proceedings, (December 1978).

Carney, ADM Robert B., USN. "The Principles of Sea Power," United States Naval Institute Proceedings, (August 1953).

Carney, ADM Robert B. USN. "Atomic Victory Depends on the Navy," Nations Business Magazine, (February 1954).

Christensen, JOC W. D., Jr. "LCA Ushers in New Amphibious Era," Surface Warfare, (March/April 1984).

Cole, R. A. "The Royal Navy: 26 Years Since the First Aircraft Carrier: Development of 'Air Strike from the Sea' Pioneered by Britain," Indian Aviation, (November 1961).

Coleman, Herbert J. "Defense Budget Boosted $595 Million," Aviation Week & Space Technology, (May 15, 1978).

Collett, LCDR John, USN. "The Aircraft Carrier    The Backbone of Aero Sea Warfare," United States Naval Institute Proceedings, (December 1942).

Coletta, Paolo E. "The Defense Unification Battle, 1947 50: The Navy," Prologue, (Spring 1975).

Craig, Paul M. "Lexington and Saratoga: The New Beginning," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (December 1969).

D

Darwin, Robert L. "Improved Aircraft Carrier Fire Protection," Approach, (December 1969).

Dater, LCRD Henry M., USNR. "Airfields at Sea: The Development of Carrier Warfare," [A Supplement to the Pegasus], [n.d.].

Dater, LCRD Henry M., USNR. "Aviation and Sea Power," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (April 1954) [Do not have whole article.].

Dater, LCDR Henry M. "Development of the Escort Carrier," Military Affairs, XII, No. 2 (Summer 1948).

Dater, LCDR Henry M. "The Escort Carrier: The Record of a Versatile Pinch Hitter,: Naval Aviation Confidential Bulletin (declassified), (January 1948).

De La Mater, CAPT Stephen T., USN. "The Role of the Carrier in the Control of the Seas," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings: Naval Review, (1972).

De La Mater, CAPT Stephen T., USN. "The Carrier," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (October 1976).

E

F

Fukaya, Hajime. "Japan's Wartime Carrier Construction," U. S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (September 1955). [VI. FOREIGN CARRIERS: Japanese Carriers from WW II]

G

Gallery, RADM D. V., USN. "Sea Power    Keystone of Air Power,"The Reader's Digest, (May 1953).

Gallery, RADM Dan, USN (Ret). "Night Flying: No Rest for the Subs," [Publication unknown], (n.d.).

Gill, CDR Paul W., USN and Teel, Cdr. Richard A., USN. "A Brighter Future for Carrier Aviation," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (November 1953).

Green, CDR Laurance B. USN. "A Case for the Attack Carrier in the Missile Age," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings (July 1958).

H

Harrigan, Anthony. "Defense by Seapower," The New Leader, (31 August 1959).

Heinl, Robert D., Jr. "Special Report: The Case for the Carriers," Sea Power, (January 1978).

Henrizi, LT John T., USN. "Diminishing Returns in the CVA," U. S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (August 1964).

Hessman, James D. "Interview with the CNO (ADM James L. Holloway III)," Sea Power, (September 1975).

Hessman, James D. "An Option of Strength," Sea Power, (June 1978).

Holifield, The Honorable Chet. "Need for a Nuclear Navy," Ordnance, (May June 1972).

Holloway, Adm. James L., III. "All the Questions You Wondered about Aircraft Carriers But Were Afraid to Ask," Wings of Gold, (Summer 1983).

Holmquist, CAPT Carl O., USN, and Greenbaum, Russell S. The Development of Nuclear Propulsion in the Navy," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (September 1960).

Hosmer, CDR Craig, USNR. "Nuclear Power for the Navy," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (May 1958).

Hirst, Haydn. "U.S. Navy Attack Carriers and their Aircraft," Air Pictorial, (July 1977).

Huntington, Tom. "The Boss," Air & Space, (October/November 1987).

I

J

Jewel, Dr. D. A. "Possible Naval Vehicles," Naval Research Reviews, (October 1976).

Jordan, Midshipman Douglas S. "Fisher's Folly    The Fabulous Furious," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (June 1955).

K

Kilduff, Peter, "Where are the Carriers?: A Study of U.S. Naval Air Power Today," Air International, (December 1977).

L

Lacounture, Capt. John E., USN, (Ret.). "Air Defense of the Carrier Task Group," Proceedings, (July 1980).

Lawrence, CAPT James J. "A City Afloat," Aerospace Safety, (February 1978).

Laye, LCDR John E. "Navy ATC Is Different," Journal of ATC, (July August 1973) [ATC = Air Traffic Control].

Leopold, Reuven. “Sea-Based Aviation and the Next U.S. Aircraft Carrier Design: The CVX,” MIT Security Studies Program, (January, 1988).

M

McCain, RADM John S., Jr. "The Four Ocean Challenge," Sperryscope, No. 2, 1963.

McDonald, ADM David L. USN. "Carrier Employment Since 1950," U.S. Naval Institute Proceeding, (November 1964).

MacDonald, Scot. "Evolution of Aircraft Carriers," Naval Aviation News, (n.d.).

MacDonald, Scot. "Surviving the Boom," Surface Warfare, (December 1977).

MacDonald, Scot. "The Modern Aircraft Carrier: Behind the Guns and Missiles are Busy Men," Naval Aviation News, (November 1965).

MacDonald, Scot. "The Modern Aircraft Carrier: Dead Reckoning and 'Sins' of Navigation," Naval Aviation News, (January 1966).

MacDonald, Scot. "The Modern Aircraft Carrier: Delivering the Message to Garcia," Naval Aviation News, (September 1965).

MacDonald, Scot. "The Modern Aircraft Carrier: It's a Case of Who's in Charge Here?," Naval Aviation News, (February 1965).

MacDonald, Scot. "The Modern Aircraft Carrier: Life among the 'Operators'," Naval Aviation News, (April 1965).

MacDonald, Scot. "The Modern Aircraft Carrier: The Providers in the Carrier Navy," Naval Aviation News, (July 1965).

MacDonald, Scot. "The Modern Aircraft Carrier: A Rainbow of Jerseys on the Flight Deck:, Naval Aviation News, (May 1966).

MacDonald, Scot. "The Modern Aircraft Carrier: A Study of Carriers in the Fleet Structure," Naval Aviation News, (December 1964).

MacDonald, Scot. "The Modern Aircraft Carrier: The Work of the Snipes and the Nukes," Naval Aviation News, (March 1966).

McKnew, Thomas W. "Four Ocean Navy in the Nuclear Age," National Geographic, (February 1965).

Mansfield, Richard M. "War Exercises 'Prove' Carrier Tough Target," Navy Magazine, (February 1960).

Margaritis, VADM C. (Chief, Hellenic Navy). "A Strategic Analysis of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Naval Review, (1973).

Middendorf, J. William, II. "The Carrier: Our Final Shield?," Wings of Gold, Fall 1987.

Middendorf, J. William, II. "Unknown Events, Disturbing Trends, and a Rebuilding of Strength," Sea Power, (January 1976).

[ADM Moorer]. "CNO Answers Carrier Critics," Navy Magazine, (November 1969).

[ADM Moorer]. "CNO Replies to Hill Carrier Critics," Armed Forces Journal, (September 1969).

Moore, Lynn Lucius. "Shinano: The Jinx Carrier," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (February 1953). [VI. FOREIGN CARRIERS: Japanese Carriers from WW II]

Mumma, RADM A.G. USN. "Naval Shipbuilding in the Atomic Age," Sperryscope XIV, No. 4 (1957).

Murphy, Charles J. V. "U.S. Sea Power: 'The New Mix'," Fortune, (August 1959).

N

Norman, CDR D. P. (ret.). "How Big is Small?: Minimal cost Aircraft carriers," Air Pictorial, (December 1978).

O

Ofstie, RADM R. A., USN. "Strategic Air Warfare," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (June 1951).

P

Paone, Rocco M. "The Big Three and the Indian Ocean: Russia, China, and the U.S.," Sea Power, (n.d.).

Pay, D.J. "Carriers Sail On," Proceedings, (June 1989).

Pfeiffer, John. "The Secret of Life at the Limits: Cogs Become Big Wheels: Researchers learn how complex organizations like aircraft carriers and electric utilities perform so well when everything has to go right," Smithsonian, (July 1989).

Pinkney, LT D. Timothy, USNR. "Search & Rescue," DM, (March 1976).

Polmar, Norman. "New Carrier Concepts and the CVN 70," Sea Power, (March 1972).

Polmar, Norman. "Naval Airpower 1970," Flying Review, (February 1970).

Polmar, Norman. "A Fleet for the Future: Some Modest Suggestions," Sea Power, (April 1976).

Polmar, Norman and CAPT D. A. Paolucci,USN (Ret). "Sea Based 'Strategic' Weapons for the 1980s and Beyond," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Naval Review 1978.

[Polmar, Norman]. "Where are the Carriers?" [by the Horizons Staff based on conversations with Norman Polmar] Horizons, (n.d.).

Prina, L. Edgar. "Defense Debate Continues; CVN Out; Trident Level Hiked," Sea Power, (April 1977).

Prina, L. Edgar. "The 'Great Debate of 1978': The Navy Strikes Back," Sea Power (March 1987).

Prina, Edgar L. "Looking Ahead: Also: A Look Back at an Earlier Look Ahead," Sea Power, (October 1977).

Prina, L. Edgar. "Holloway Discusses Future Needs; VTOL, Tomahawk Head Weapons List," Sea Power, (May 1976).

Q

R

Rausa, CDR Rosario. "Turntable and Traps," Naval Aviation News, (August 1976). [I. DEVELOPMENT AND EVOLUTION OF CARRIERS]

Roane, Charles P. "Carriers Change with the Times," Buships Journal, (November 1952).

Reese, Lee Fleming, "Origin and Early History of United States Aircraft Carriers," [a propos of the Aircraft Carrier Memorial Dedication in San Diego, CA. [In DEVELOPMENT AND EVOLUTION OF CARRIERS]

Robinson, Clarence A., Jr. "Navy Restudies Carrier Options," Aviation Week & Space Technology, (September 1977).

S

Sapolsky, Harvey M. and Cote, Owen. "A Baker's Dozen," Breakthroughs, Fall 1990, Vol. I, No. 1.

Schemmer, Benjamin F. "Navy, DoD Debate 'Basic, Fundamental Disagreement' over Future Character, Size of Carrier Aviation," Armed Forces Journal International, (March 1978).

Schratz, CAPT Paul, USN (Ret.). "The Nuclear Carrier and Modern War," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (August 1972).

Smith, CAPT Robert H. (Ret.). "ASW   The Crucial Naval Challenge," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, Naval Review 1972, ( ). [IV. OPERATIONS: ASW Operations]

Stern, Robert. U.S. Aircraft Carriers in Action. Pt. 1. Carrollton, Tex.: Squadron/Signal Publications, Inc., 1991.

T

Taylor, RAdm. Jeremy, USN. "Carriers: The Cornerstone of Our National Strategy, Wings of Gold, (Spring 1989).

Tennent, LT John H., the Fifth. "LHD1 New Amphibious Assault Ship," Surface Warfare, (October 1982).

U

V

Van Fleet, Clark. "The Heavyweight Story," [publication unknown], [n.d.].

Van Vleet, Clarke. "A Look at . . . Carriers and International Crisis Situations," Wings of Gold, (Fall 1980).

Veazy, CAPT S.E. (Ret.). "New Shape in Ships," Proceedings, (February 1985).

Vito, CDR Albert H. "The Attack Carrier    Mobile Might," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, LXXXVII, No. 5 (May 1961).

Vroom, LT Cdr. G.B., USN. "Strategic Value of the Aircraft Carrier," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (January 1925) [Do not have whole article.].

W

Watson, Ernest. "The Birth of the Flat top," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (May 1956).

Webb, James H., Jr. "The Aircraft Carrier: Centerpiece of Maritime Strategy," Wings of Gold, (Summer 1987).

Wettern, Desmond. "The Fleet Air Arm, Royal Navy," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (July 1961).

Whidden, CAPT Wynn V., USN. "The Case for the Carrier," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (July 1971).

X

Xydis, Dr. Stephen G. "The Genesis of the Sixth Fleet," U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, (August 1958). NO AUTHOR GIVEN

[n.n.]. "New Studies, Jackson Paper Build Support for Stronger Navy," Sea Power, (March 1976).

[n.n.] "The Navy's Role in Limited War," All Hands, (February 1962).

[n.n]. "'We Can't Be Invaded': Interview with Admiral W. M. Fechteler," U.S. News & World Report, (October 1951) [Adm.Fechteler was CNO 1951  ].

[n.n]. "Navy Shipbuilding Dispute Rages On," Sea Power, (August 1976).

[n.n]. "A Report on Navy's Nuclear Fleet," All Hands, (February 1963).

[n.n]. "H.M.S. 'Ark Royal'" Farewell Photos of Most Powerful Ship Ever to Serve in the Royal Navy," Air Pictorial, (December 1978).

[n.n.]. "Built for Battle," Naval Aviation News, (October 1954).

[n.n]. "CVA's to the Nth Power," Naval Aviation News, (April 1957).

[n.n]. [Issue on the Carrier Navy]. All Hands, (May 1965). [CARRIERS: Development and Evolution]

[n.n]. Naval Engineers Journal, LXXXIX, No. 1 (February 1977) [The issue is on the aircraft carrier    present and future.].

[n.n]. "Naval Aviation's 65th Anniversary," Naval Aviation News, (May 1976). [CARRIERS: Development and Evolution]

[n.n]. "The Uses of Airplane Carriers: Naval Air Operations Demand that Airplanes Be Put into the Air in Any Kind of Weather," Aviation, (20 April 1925).
[CARRIERS: Development and Evolution]

[n.n.]. "The Navy under Attack," Time, (8 May 1978).

[n.n]. "The Zeppelin Trap," Royal Air Force Flying Review, (November 1956). [CARRIERS: Foreign Aircraft Carriers]

[n.n]. "Fleet Air Arm in the 1980s," Air Pictorial, (December 1978).

[n.n]. "Carrier Power: America's Floating Forward Bases," Time, (May 5, 1986).

[ADM C.A.H. Trost]. "The Case for Carrier Air Power," Wings of Gold, (Fall 1987).

[n.n]. "Shipborne Combat Aircraft," Naval Forces, (No. VI (1984) Vol. V).

[n.n]. "Carrier Curiosities," Proceedings, (February 1974).

CLASSIFIED
PRESENTATIONS AND ARTICLES ABOUT CARRIERS

Boone, RADM. (S) This Country is Essentially an Island Maritime Power, [Presents the general strategy for any war as five essential tasks, each of which impose requirements on the Navy. Not specifically on naval aviation.] Presented before the House Armed Services appropriations Committee (15 Feb 49).

Davis, VADM W.V. [DCNO(Air)]. (S) Trends in Naval Aviation. Presented to the Naval War College (Nov 56).

Gardner, VADM M.B. USN. (S) The Characteristics, Capabilities, and Limitations of the Fast Carrier Task Force. Presented to the Naval War College (March 1953).

Lathrop, J. B (S) Some Basic Considerations Governing the Use of Carrier air Power in the Future War. Presented to the Naval War College, (10 May 48).

Pihl, CAPT R.E. USN [ACNO Air Logistics]. (S) Carrier Opperations. Presented to National Military Establishement Sub Committee of the House Appropriations Committee (17 Feb 49).

Ramsey, RADM Paul H. USN. (C) Trends in Naval Aviation. Presented to the Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island (29 Oct 54).

Ramsey, RADM Raul H. USN. (C) Naval Air Warfare. [Presentation discusses the Navy's capabilities of supporting its primary mission: control of the sea.] Presented to the Naval Air Advisory Council, (18 November 1954).

Russell, RADM J.S. USN.(S) Attack Carrier Striking Force Air Defense, Present Capabilities and Limitations Presented at the Naval War College, (18 Sep 53).

[n.n] (C) "A Short History of French Naval Aviation," ONI Review, (March 1949).

[n.n.] (C) "The Evolution of French Carrier Aviation," ONI Review, (September 1951).

(U) AVH/NHC [Roy Grossnick] "Gulf War Naval Aviation Assessment" 1993 (not classified but comments on presentation below, etc.)

(S) MRF on Air Force History Symposium "Two Years After: The Air Force in the Gulf War," a symposium sponsored by the Office of Air Force Historian and held at the Defense Intelligence Agency, 23 April 1993.

STUDIES IN CARRIER FILE

Dater, Dr. Henry M. Papers related to the Role of Fast Carriers. Prepared for Aviation History Unit. Washington DC, 1949 1952.
[IV. OPERATIONS: Carrier Task Forces]

Dater, Dr. Henry M. The Role of the Carrier in Warfare. Prepared for the Aviation History Unit. Navy Department. Washington, DC. February 1948.
[II. THEORIES AND CONCEPTS: Role of Carriers]

Dater, Dr. Henry M. The Role of the Navy in 1952. Aviation History Unit. Navy Department. Washington, DC (March 1952).
[II. THEORIES AND CONCPETS: Role of Carriers]

Leighton, Lt. Cdr. Bruce G., USN. Light Aircraft Carriers: A Study on their Possible Uses in So called "Cruiser Operations" Comparison with Light Cruisers as Fleet Units. 1927.
[I. DEVELOPMENT AND EVOLUTION OF CARRIERS]

U.S. Bureau of Construction and Repair. Navy Department. History of Design of the 39,000 Ton Airplane Carrier and Battle Cruisers (CC1) and (CC3) Converted to Airplane Carriers #2 LEXINGTON (CV2) #3 SARATOGA (CV3). Washington, DC, 1922.
[I. DEVELOPMENT AND EVOLUTION OF CARRIERS]

Wilson, Desmond P., Jr. Evolution of the Attack Aircraft Carrier: A Case Study in Technology and Strategy. Prepared by the Department of Economics and Social Sciences of the Massachusetts Institite of Technology. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Institute of Naval Studies, 1965.
[I. DEVELOPMENT AND EVOLUTION OF CARRIERS]

[n.n] (Three articles on) Carrier Capabilities
[IV. OPERATIONS: Deployment]

[n.n.] Logistic Limitations on Fast Carrier Operations, Enclosure H [no other information given]
[IV. OPERATIONS: Logistic Limitations on Fast Carrier Operations]
[CLASSIFIED in Safe 5]

Operations Evaluation Group Study No. 327, "Preliminary Study of Comparative Military Suitability of Aircraft Carriers and Land Bases," Enclosure A to CNO (Op34H8 fe)(SC) A10 3 Serial: 00219P34, Subj: Operations Evaluation Group Study No. 327   Forwarding of.
[IX. AVIATION: Comparison of Land Based vs. Carrier Based Air [CLASSIFIED in Safe 5]

CV/VVN Survivabiity Program (CEB) (CLASSIFIED in Safe 5)

CVN 74/75 Briefing Book (OP 55), (classied) 1987 (see classified carrier file)

CVN 74 Briefing Book (OP 55) (classified) 1986, (CLASSIFIED in safe 5)

Handbook of U.S. Aircraft Carrier Programs (OP 55) (classified) 1987 (CLASSIFIED in safe 5)

(FOUO) Deployments of U.S. Navy Aircraft Carriers and other Surface Ships, 1976 1988, an Information Manual produced by Center for Naval Analyses by Adam Siegel, Karen Domabyl, and Barbara Lingberg.
[IV. OPERATIONS: Deployment].

Sea Basing for Tactical Aviation in the 21st Century. (A report of the future sea-based air platforms study group). A CNO study. See CNO Reading file for week of 13 June 1994. Study not in file.

N885C Carrier/Air Stations Program Branch

SLEP (4 folders)
AMERICA (CV-66) general [2 folders]
AMERICA (CV-66) photos
CONSTELLATION (CV-64) history
CONSTELLATION (CV-64) overhaul
CORAL SEA (CV-43) general
CORAL SEA (CV-43) photos
EISENHOWER (CVN-69) overhaul
ENTERPRISE (CVN-65) general (2 folders)
ENTERPRISE (CVN-65) overhaul (6 folders)
ENTERPRISE (CVN-65) photos
FORRESTAL (CV-59) general
FORRESTAL (CV-59) overhaul
FORRESTAL (CV-59) photos
HANCOCK (CV-19) general
HANCOCK (CV-19) photos
INDEPENDENCE (CV-62) general
INDEPENDENCE (CV-62) photos
INDEPENDENCE (CV-62)overhaul
INTREPID (CVS-11) history
INTREPID (CVS-11) photos
KENNEDY (CV-67) history
KENNEDY (CV-67) photos
KITTY HAWK (CV-63) general (2 folders)
KITTY HAWK (CV-63) photos
LEXINGTON (AVT-16) early retirement
LEXINGTON (AVT-16) history
LEXINGTON (AVT-16) overhaul
LEXINGTON (AVT-16) photos
MIDWAY (CV-41) general [4 folders]
MIDWAY (CV-41) overhaul
MIDWAY (CV-41) photos
NIMITZ (CVN-68) general
ORISKANY (CV-14) general
RANGER (CV-61) photos
RANGER (CVA-61) general
ROOSEVELT (CV-42) general
ROOSEVELT (CV-42) photos
SARATOGA (CV-60) photos
SARATOGA (CV-60) [four folders]
TICONDEROGA (CV-14) general
TICONDEROGA (CV-14) photos
VINSON (CVN-70) general
VINSON (CVN-70) photos
Puget Sound Naval shipyards (photos)